Country: Poland

Document type: Draft National Strategy

Title: Polish Hydrogen Strategy until 2030 with an Outlook until 2040

Approved: November 2021

Summary Points:

In January 2021, the Ministry of Climate and Environment published the draft ‘Polish Hydrogen Strategy until 2030 with an Outlook until 2040’ for public consultation. The Council of Ministers adopted a resolution on the adoption of the strategy in November 2021. 

The strategy includes six specific objectives:

  • Objective 1 – Implementation of hydrogen technologies in the energy and heating sector.
  • Goal 2 – Use of hydrogen as an alternative fuel in transport.
  • Objective 3 – Support the decarbonisation of industry.
  • Objective 4 – Hydrogen production in new installations.
  • Goal 5 – efficient and safe transmission, distribution and storage of hydrogen.
  • Objective 6 – Creating a stable regulatory environment.

Key planning targets included are strategy are:

  • Installed capacity of low-carbon hydrogen production facilities: 50 MW by 2025 and 2GW by 2030.
  • Number of hydrogen valleys: at least 5 by 2030.
  • Number of hydrogen buses in service: 100-250 by 2025 and 800-1,000 by 2030.
  • Number of hydrogen stations: at least 32 by 2030.
  • Conclusion of the Agreement for the Construction of a Hydrogen Economy (concluded on 14.10.2021).
  • Creating an innovation ecosystem of hydrogen valleys.
  • Establishment of the Centre for Hydrogen Technologies.

The strategy is inclusive of all methods of low- and zero-emission hydrogen production.

The implementation of the strategy is estimated to require combined public and private investments of around €445 million by 2025 and €3 billion by 2030. In its Poland 2022: Energy Policy Review, the International Energy Agency (IEA) notes that the strategy identifies several national and EU sources of funding.

  • At the national level, the Hydrogen Technologies Support Programme would provide €220 million (mainly for hydrogen valleys); the New Energy Programme would provide €132 million for companies investing in the production, transport, storage and use of zero-emission hydrogen; and the Hydrogenation of the Economy Programme will support innovative hydrogen projects.
  • Several EU mechanisms can support funding for hydrogen projects; for example, Poland’s EU Recovery and Resilience Plan includes €800 million to support the development of green hydrogen technologies

The implementation of the strategy requires a range of regulatory actions to create a stable regulatory environment to support industry growth. A summary of key developments from 2022 reporting can be found here.  An official repository of information on hydrogen-related legislative work programme on ‘Bill amending the Energy Law and certain other acts’ can be found here.


Updated: January 2024