Relevant peer-reviewed publications since 2010

van Vloten, S.O., Cagigal, L., Pérez-Díaz, B., Hoeke, R., Méndez, F.J. (2024). SHyTCWaves: A stop-motion hybrid model to predict tropical cyclone induced waves. Ocean Modelling, 188, DOI: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2024.102341

Khan, S., Hemer, M., Echevarria, E. & King, E. (2024) Australian Ocean surface waves dataset from SAR. Geoscience Data Journal, 00, 1–17. Available from:

Meucci, A., Young, I.R., Trenham, C. et al. (2024). An 8-model ensemble of CMIP6-derived ocean surface wave climate. Sci Data 11, 100. DOI: 10.1038/s41597-024-02932-x

O’Grady, J., Ramsay, H., McInnes, K. & Gregory, R. (2024). Evaluation of Parametric Tropical Cyclone Surface Winds over the Eastern Australian Region. MRW. 152:1. DOI: 10.1175/MWR-D-23-0063.1

Casas-Prat, M., Hemer, M.A., Dodet, G. et al. Wind-wave climate changes and their impacts. Nat Rev Earth Environ (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s43017-023-00502-0


Meucci, A., Young, I., Hemer, M., Trenham, C. & Watterson, I. 140 years of global ocean wind-wave climate derived from CMIP6 ACCESS-CM2 and EC-EARTH3 GCMs: global trends, regional changes, and future projections. J. Clim. 36, 1605–1631 (2023). DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0929.1

A Ricondo, L Cagigal, A Rueda, R Hoeke, CD Storlazzi, FJ Mendez. (2023). HyWaves: Hybrid downscaling of multimodal wave spectra to nearshore areas. Ocean Modelling. DOI: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2023.102210 

Khan, S., Young, I., Ribal, A., Hemer, M. (2023) High-resolution calibrated and validated Synthetic Aperture Radar Ocean surface wind data around Australia. Sci Data 10, 163. DOI: 10.1038/s41597-023-02046-w


Iturbide, M., Fernández, J., Gutiérrez, J.M. et al (including Claire Trenham). Implementation of FAIR principles in the IPCC: the WGI AR6 Atlas repository. Sci Data 9, 629 (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s41597-022-01739-y

Christo Rautenbach, Claire Trenham, David Benn, Ron Hoeke, Cyprien Bosserelle. Computing efficiency of XBeach hydro- and wave dynamics on Graphics Processing Units (GPUs). Env Modelling & Software. DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2022.105532

Gao, Qiang; Khan, Salman Saeed; Sergiienko, Nataliia; Ertugrul, Nesimi; Hemer, Mark; Negnevitsky, Michael; et al. Assessment of Wind and Wave Power Characteristic and Potential for Hybrid Exploration in Australia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2022. 15. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2022.112747

Joao Morim, Li Erikson, Mark Hemer, Xiaolan Wang, Nobuhito Mori, Tomoya Shimura, Justin Stopa, Claire Trenham, Lorenzo Mentaschi, Sergyei Gulev, Vitali Sharmar, Lucy Bricheno, judith Wolf, Ole Aarnes, Jorge Perez, Jean Bidlot, Alvaro Semedo, Borja Reguero, and Thomas Wahl. A global ensemble of ocean wave climate statistics from contemporary wave reanalysis and hindcasts. Sci Data 9, 358 (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s41597-022-01459-3

Lobeto, H., M. Menendez, I.J. Losada, and M. Hemer, 2022. The effect of climate change on wind-wave directional spectra. Glob. Planetary Change.

Liu, W., Hegglin, M.I., Checa-Garcia, R., Li, S., Gillett, N.P., Lyu, K., Zhang, X. and Swart, N.C. (2022). Stratospheric ozone depletion and tropospheric ozone increases drive Southern Ocean interior warming. Nature Climate Change. DOI: 10.1038/s41558-022-01320-w

O’Grady, J.G., Stephenson, A.G. & McInnes, K.L. (2022). Gauging mixed climate extreme value distributions in tropical cyclone regions. Sci Rep 12, 4626. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-08382-y


Kajtar, J.B,; Holbrook, N.J., Hernaman, V. (2021). A catalogue of marine heatwave characteristics and trends for the Australian region. Journal of Southern Hemisphere Earth System Science. 19p. DOI: 10.1071/ES21014

Kajtar, J., Hernaman, V., Holbrook, N., Petrelli, P. (2021) Tropical western and central Pacific marine heatwave data calculated from gridded sea surface temperature observations and CMIP6. Data in Brief. 107694:12p. DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2021.107694

Mortenson, E., Lenton, A., Shadwick, E., Trull, T., Chamberlain, M., Zhang, X. (2021) Divergent trajectories of ocean warming and acidification. Environmental Research Letters. 16(12):10. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ac3d57

Lemos, G., A. Semedo, M. Hemer, M. Menendez and P. Miranda, (2021). Remote climate change propagation across the oceans – directional swell signature. Environmental Research Letters. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ac046b

Passaro, M., M. A. Hemer, G.D. Quartly, C. Schwatke, D. Dettmering and F. Seitz, (2021). Global coastal attenuation of wind-waves observed with radar altimetry. Nature Communications. 10.1038/s41467-021-23982-4

Hinckel, J. L. Feyen, M. Hemer, G. Le Cozannet, D. Lincke, M. Marcos, L. Mentaschi, J.L. Merkens, H. De Moel, S. Muis, R.J. Nicholls, A. T. Vafeidis, R.S.W. van der Wal, M. I. Vousdoukas, T. Wahl, P.J. Ward and C. Wolff, (2021). Uncertainty and bias in global to regional scale assessments of current and future coastal flood risk. Earth’s Future.

Hochet, A.; Dodet, G.; Ardhuin, F.; Hemer, M.; Young, I. Sea State Decadal Variability in the North Atlantic: A Review. Climate 20219, 173.

Holbrook, N.B., Hernaman, V., Koshiba, S., Lako, J., Kajtar, J.B., Amosa, P., Singh, A. (2021) Impacts of marine heatwaves on tropical western and central Pacific Island nations and their communities. Global and Planetary Change. 46. DOI:  10.1016/j.gloplacha.2021.103680

Wang, J., Church, J.A., Zhang, X., Gregory, J.M., Zanna, L., Chnen, X. Evaluation of the local sea-level budget at tide gauges since 1958. GRL 48 (20). (2021). DOI: 10.1029/2021GL094502

Lyu, K., Zhang, X. & Church, J.A. Projected ocean warming constrained by the ocean observational record. Nat. Clim. Chang. (2021). DOI: 10.1038/s41558-021-01151-1

O’Grady, J.G., Hemer, M.A., McInnes, K.L. et al. Projected incremental changes to extreme wind-driven wave heights for the twenty-first century. Sci Rep 11, 8826 (2021). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-87358-w

Wang, J., Church, J.A., Zhang, X. et al. Reconciling global mean and regional sea level change in projections and observations. Nat Commun 12, 990 (2021). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-21265-6

Jin, Y., Zhang, X., Church, J., Bao, X. (2021) Projected sea-level changes in the marginal seas near China based on dynamical downscaling. Journal of Climate. 34(17):7037–7055. DOI: 10.1175/jcli-d-20-0796.1

Khan, S.S., Echevarria, E.R. & Hemer, M.A. (2021). Ocean swell comparisons between Sentinel‐1 and WAVEWATCH III around AustraliaJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans126, e2020JC016265. DOI: 10.1029/2020JC016265

Li, S., Liu, W., Lyu, K., Zhang, X. (2021). The effects of historical ozone changes on Southern Ocean heat uptake and storage. Climate Dynamics. -. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-021-05803-y

Duvat, V., Magnan, A.K., Perry, C.T., Spencer, T., Bell, J.D., Wabnitz, C., Webb, A.P., White, I., McInnes, K., Gattuso, J.-P., Graham, N.A.J., Nunn, P.D., Le Cozannet, G. (2021). Risks to future atoll habitability from climate-driven environmental changes. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. 12(3):28. DOI: 10.1002/wcc.700

Wu, Q., Zhang, X., Church, J., Hu, J., Gregory, J. (2021) Evolving patterns of sterodynamic sea-level rise under mitigation scenarios and insights from linear system theory. Climate Dynamics. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-021-05727-7.

Wang, J., Church, J., Zhang, X., Chen, X. (2021) Reconciling global mean and regional sea level change in projections and observations. Nature Communications. 12:990. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-21265-6

Hoeke, R.K., Damlamian, H., Aucan, J., Wandrew, M., (2021). Severe flooding in the atoll nations of Tuvalu and Kiribati triggered by a distant Tropical Cyclone Pam. Front. Mar. Sci., 22 January 2021. DOI:  10.3389/fmars.2020.539646


Derkani, M. H., Alberello, A., Nelli, F., Bennetts, L. G., Hessner, K. G., MacHutchon, K., Reichert, K., Aouf, L., Khan, S. S., and Toffoli, A.: Wind, waves, and surface currents in the Southern Ocean: Observations from the Antarctic Circumnavigation Expedition, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss. [preprint], DOI: 10.5194/essd-2020-255, in review, 2020.

Meucci, A., I.R. Young, M. Hemer, E Kirezci,, R. Ranasinghe, 2020. Projected 21st century changes in extreme wind-wave events, SCIENCE ADVANCES, 6 (24). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz7295

Scherelis, C., I. Penesis, M.A. Hemer, R Cossu, JT Wright, D Guihen, 2020. Investigating biophysical linkages at tidal energy candidate sites; A case study for combining environmental assessment and resource characterisation. Renewable Energy. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2020.05.109

Grose, M.R., S. Narsey, F. Delage, A.J. Dowdy, M. Bador, G. Boschat, C. Chung, J. Kajtar, S. Rauniyar, M. Freund, K. Lyu, H.A. Rashid, X. Zhang, S. Wales, C. Trenham, N.J. Holbrook, T. Cowan, L.V. Alexander, J.M. Arblaster, S.B. Power. (2020). Insights from CMIP6 for Australia’s future climate. Earth’s Future, 8(5). DOI: 10.1029/2019EF001469

Melet, A., R. Almar, M. Hemer, G. Le Cozannet, B. Meyssignac, P. Ruggiero, 2020. Contribution of wave setup to projected coastal sea level changes. JGR-Oceans.

Marshall, A.G., M.A. Hemer, K.L. McInnes, 2020. Australian blocking impacts on ocean surface waves. Climate Dynamics 54 (3), 1281-1294

Turner, R.J.., M Gal, M.A. Hemer, A.M. Reading, 2020. Impacts of the cryosphere and atmosphere on observed microseisms generated in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 125 (2), e2019JF005354

Lemos, G., M. Menendez, A. Semedo, P. Camus, M. Hemer, M. Dobrynin, 2020. On the need of bias correction methods for wave climate projections. Global and Planetary Change 186, 103109

Greenslade, D., Mark Hemer, …, Hoeke, R., O’Grady, J., … et al., 2020. 15 Priorities for Wind-Waves Research: An Australian Perspective. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. (2020) 101 (4): E446–E461.

Fairley, I., M. Lewis, B. Robertson, M. Hemer, I. Masters, J. Horrillo-Caraballo, 2020. A classification system for global wave energy resources based on multivariate clustering. Applied Energy 262, 114515

Morim, J., Trenham, C., Hemer, M. et al. A global ensemble of ocean wave climate projections from CMIP5-driven models. Sci Data 7, 105 (2020). DOI: 10.1038/s41597-020-0446-2

Morim, J., M. Hemer, F. Andutta, T. Shimura, N. Cartwright, 2020. Skill and uncertainty in surface wind fields from general circulation models: Intercomparison of bias between AGCM, AOGCM and ESM global simulations International Journal of Climatology 40 (5), 2659-2673

Smith, G.A., Hemer, M., Greenslade, D., Trenham, C., Zieger, S., Durrant, T. (2020). Global wave hindcast with Australian and Pacific Island Focus: from past to present. Geoscience Data Journal. DOI: 10.1002/gdj3.104


Khan, S.S., Echevarria, E., Hemer, M. (2019). Sentinel-1, WW3 and buoy spectral comparisons in the Southern Ocean. IGARSS. Yokohama, Japan. DOI: 10.1109/IGARSS.2019.8900435

Watson, C. S., B. Legresy and M. A. King. (2019). On the uncertainty associated with validating the global mean sea level climate record. Advances in Space Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.09.053

Schiller, A., Brassington, G., Oke, P., Cahill, M., Divakaran, P., Entel, M., Freeman, J., Griffin, D., Herzfeld, M., Hoeke, R., Huang, X., Jones, E., King, E., Parker, B., Pitman, T., Rosebrock, U., Sweeney, J., Taylor, A., Thatcher, M., Woodham, R., Zhong, A. (2019). Bluelink Ocean Forecasting Australia: 15 years of operational ocean service delivery with social, economic and environmental benefits. Journal of Operational Oceanography. DOI: 10.1080/1755876X.2019.1685834

O’Grady, J., A. Babanin and K. McInnes. (2019). Downscaling future longshore sediment transport in South Eastern Australia. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering special issue: Dynamics of the coastal zone. 7(9 289):1-17. DOI: 10.3390/jmse7090289

Morim, J., Hemer, M., Wang, X.L., Cartwright, N., Trenham, C., Semedo, A., Young, I., Bricheno, L., Camus, P., Casas-Prat, M., Erikson, L., Mentaschi, L., Mori, N., Shimura, T., Timmermans, B., Aarnes, O., Breivik, O., Behrens, A., Dobrynin, M., Menendez, M., Staneva, J., Wehner, M., Wolf, J., Kamranzad, B., Webb, A., Stopa, J. & Andutta, F. (2019), Robustness and uncertainties in global multivariate wind-wave climate projections, Nature Climate Change. 9(9). DOI: 10.1038/s41558-019-0542-5

O’Grady, J.G., K.L. McInnes, M.A. Hemer, R.K. Hoeke, A.G. Stephenson, F. Colberg (2019). Extreme Water Levels for Australian Beaches using Empirical Equations for Shoreline Wave Setup, Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans. 124:17. DOI: 10.1029/2018JC014871

Colberg, F., K. L. McInnes, J. O’Grady, and R. Hoeke (2019), Atmospheric circulation changes and their impact on extreme sea levels around Australia, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19(5), 1067-1086, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-19-1067-2019.

Babanin, A., W. E. Rogers, R. de Camargo, M. Doble, T. Durrant, K. Filchuk, K. Ewans, M. Hemer, T. Janssen, B. Kelly-Gerreyn, K. Machutchon, P. McComb, F. Qiao, E. Schulz, A. Skvortsov, J. Thomson, M. Vichi, N. Violante-Carvalho, D. Wang, T. Waseda, G. Williams, and I. Young, 2019. Waves and Swells in High Wind and Extreme Fetches, Measurements in the Southern Ocean. Front. Mar. Sc. In Press.

Echevarria, E.R., M.A. Hemer and N.J. Holbrook. 2019. Seasonal variability of the Global Spectral Wind Wave Climate. JGR-Oceans, [CSIRO OCE postgraduate student paper]

Greenslade, D., M.A. Hemer and 75 other authors, 2019. 15 priorities for wind-waves research. An Australian Perspective. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.


Aucan, J.; Hoeke, R.; Storlazzi, C.S.; Stopa, J.; Wandres, M.; Lowe, R. (2018). Waves do not contribute to global sea-level rise. Nature Climate Change. 9(1):2. DOI: 10.1038/s41558-018-0377-5 

Hemer, M.; Manasseh, R.; Penesis, I.; McInnes, K.; Pitman, T. (2018). Perspectives on a wave forward for Ocean Renewable Energy in Australia. Renewable Energy. 127:733-745. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.036

Contardo, S.; Hoeke, R.; Hemer, M.; Symonds, G.; McInnes, K.; O’Grady, J. (2018). In situ observations and simulations of coastal wave field transformation by wave energy converters. Coastal Engineering. 140:175-188. DOI: 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2018.07.008

Morim, J., Hemer, M., Cartwright, N., Strauss, D., Andutta, F. (2018). On the concordance of 21st century wind-wave climate projections. Global and Planetary Change. 167:160-171. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2018.05.005

Timmermann, A.; An, S.-I.; Kug, J.-S.; Jin, F.-F.; Cai, W.; Capotondi, A.; Cobb, K.; Lengaigne, M.; McPhaden, M.; Stuecker, M.; Stein, K.; Wittenberg, A.; Yun, K.-S.; Bayr, T.; Chen, H.-C.; Chikamoto, Y.; Dewitte, B.; Dommenget, D.; Grothe, P.; Guilyardi, E.; Ham, Y.-G.; Hayashi, M.; Ineson, S.; Kang, D.; Kim, S.; Kim, W.M.; Lee, J.-Y.; Li, T.; Luo, J.-J.; McGregor, S.; Planton, Y.; Power, S.; Rashid, H.; Ren, H.-L.; Santoso, A.; Takahashi, K; Todd, A.; Wang, G.; Wang, G.; Xie, R.; Yang, W.-H.; Yeh, S.-W.; Yoon, J.-H.; Zeller, E.; Zhang, X.. El Niño-Southern Oscillation Complexity. Nature. 2018; 559:535-545. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6

Winship, B.; Alan, F.; Penesis, I.; Hemer, M.; Macfarlane, G., 2018. Preliminary Investigation on the Use of Tank Wall Reflections to Model WEC Array Effects. Ocean Engineering. 164:388-401. DOI: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2018.06.033

Champion, C.; Hobday, A.; Zhang, X.; Tracey, S.; Pecl, G., 2018. Changing windows of opportunity: Past and future climate-driven shifts in temporal persistence of kingfish (Seriola lalandi) oceanographic habitat within southeast Australian bioregions. Marine and Freshwater Research. 1-10. DOI: 10.1071/MF17387

Wu, W.; McInnes, K.; O’Grady, J.; Hoeke, R.; Leonard, M.; Westra, S., 2018. Mapping Dependence Between Extreme Rainfall and Storm Surge. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans. 123(4):2461-2474. DOI: 10.1002/2017JC013472

Hobday, A.; Spillman, C.; Eveson, P.; Hartog, J.; Zhang, X.; Brodie, S., 2018. A Framework for Combining Seasonal Forecasts and Climate Projections to Aid Risk Management for Fisheries and Aquaculture. Frontiers in Marine Science. 5:Article 137. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00137

Lavender SL, Hoeke RK, Abbs DJ. 2018. The influence of sea surface temperature on the intensity and associated storm surge of tropical cyclone Yasi: a sensitivity study. Natural Hazards and Earth Systems Sciences, 18, 795–805, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-18-795-2018

Royston, S.; Watson, C.; Legresy, B.; King, M.; Church, J.; Bos, M.. Sea-level trend uncertainty with Pacific climatic variability and temporally-correlated noise. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans. 2018; 123(3 1):1978-1993. DOI: 10.1002/2017JC013655

Duong, T., R. Ranasinghe, M. Thatcher, S. Mahanama, Z.B. Wang, P.K. Dissanayake, M.Hemer, A. Luijendijk, D. Roelvink, and D-J. Walstra (2018). Assessing climate change impacts on the stability of small tidal inlets: Part 2 – Data rich environments. Marine Geology, 395, 65-81. DOI: 10.1016/j.margeo.2017.09.007


Wandres, M., C. Pattiaratchi and M.A. Hemer (2017) Projected changes of the southwest Australian wave climate under two atmospheric greenhouse gas concentration pathways. Ocean Modelling, 117, 70-87. DOI: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2017.08.002

Hemer, M., Zieger, S., Durrant, T., O’Grady, J., Hoeke, R., McInnes, K., et al. 2017. A revised assessment of Australia’s national wave energy resource. Renewable Energy. 114(A):85-87. DOI:10.1016/j.renene.2016.08.039

Shimura, T.; Mori, N.; Hemer, M. (2017). Projection of tropical cyclone‑generated extreme wave climate based on CMIP5 multi‑model ensemble in the Western North Pacific. Climate Dynamics. 49(4):1449-1462. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-016-3390-2

Le Cozannet, G., Nicholls, R.J., Hinkel J., Sweet, W.V., McInnes, K.L., Van de Wal, R.S.W. Slangen, A.B.A, Lowe, J.A., and White, K. 2017: Sea-level change and coastal climate services: the way forward. J.Mar..Sci..Eng., 5, 49; doi:10.3390/jmse5040049.

Zhang, X., Church, J.A., Monselesan, D. and McInnes, K.L. 2017: High Resolution Sea Level Projections for Australian Coasts in the 21st Century. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074176.

Chen, X., X. Zhang, J.A. Church, C.S. Watson, M.A. King, D. Monselesan, B. Legresy C. Harig, 2017: The increasing rate of global mean sea-level rise during 1993-2014, Nature Climate Change, 7, 492-495, doi:10.1038/nclimate3325.

Lyu, K., X. Zhang, J. A. Church, J. Hu and J.-Y. Yu, 2017: Distinguishing Basin-scale Modes of the Quasi-decadal and Multi-decadal Sea Level Variations in the Pacific, Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0004.1.

Feng, M., X. Zhang, B. Sloyan and M. Chamberlain, 2017: Contribution of the deep ocean to the future changes of the Indonesian Throughflow, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1002/2017GL072577.

Wu, Q., X. Zhang, J. A. Church and J. Hu, 2017: Changes and variability of sea level and its components in the Indo-Pacific during the altimeter era, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2016JC012345.

Manasseh, R. Sannasiraj, S., McInnes, K.L. Jalihal, P., Sundar, V. 2017:  Integration of wave energy and other marine renewable energy sources with the needs of coastal societies. International Journal of Ocean and Climate Systems. Vol. 8(1) 1-18. DOI: 10.1177/1759313116683962

Manasseh, R., McInnes, K.L., Hemer, M.A. 2017: Pioneering Developments of marine renewable energy in Australia. International Journal of Ocean and Climate Systems. 2017, Vol. 8(1) 50–67. DOI: 10.1177/1759313116684525


Carson, M., A. Kohl, D. Stammer, A. B. A. Slangen, C. A. Katsman, R. S. W. Van de Wal, J. Church and N. White (2016), Coastal sea level changes, observed and projected during the 20th and 21st century. Climatic Change, 134, 269-281, doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1520-1

Hemer, M.A. & Trenham, C.E. (2016), Evaluation of a CMIP5 derived dynamical global wind wave climate model ensemble. Ocean Modelling, 103, 190-203, DOI: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.10.009

McInnes, K. L., C. J. White, I. D. Haigh, M. A. Hemer, R. H. Hoeke, N. J. Holbrook, A. S. Kiern, E. C. J. Oliver, R. Ranasinghe, K. J. E. Walsh, S. Westra, R. Cox (2016), Natural hazards in Australia: sea level and coastal extremes. Climatic Change, pp1-15, doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1647-8

McInnes, K.L., Hoeke, R.K., Walsh, K.J.E., O’Grady, J.G. and Hubbert, G.D. 2016: Tropical Cyclone Storm Tide Assessment for Samoa. Natural Hazards. 80: 425–444. doi:10.1007/s11069-015-1975-4

Marcos, M., Marzeion, B., Dangendorf, S., Slangen, A.B.A., Palanisamy, H., Fenoglio-Marc, L. (2016), Internal variability versus anthropogenic forcing on sea level and its components. Surv Geophys. doi:10.1007/s10712-016-9373-3

O’Kane TJ, Monselesan DP, Risbey JS. 2016. A multiscale re-examination of the Pacific South American pattern. Monthly Weather Review, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-16-0291.1

Slangen, ABA, Church, JA, Agosta, C, Fettweis, X, Marzeion, B, Richter, K (2016) Anthropogenic forcing dominates global mean sea-level rise since 1970. Nature Climate Change. doi:10.1038/nclimate2991

Walsh, K., White, C.J. McInnes, K. L., Holmes, J., Schuster, S., Richter, H., Evans, J. P., Di Luca, A. and Warren, R. A. 2016: Natural Hazards in Australia: storms, wind and hail. Climatic Change. doi: 10.1007/s10584-016-1737-7

Wijffels, S., D. Roemmich, D. Monselesan, J. Church and J. Gilson. (2016), Ocean temperatures chronicle the ongoing warming of Earth. Nature Climate Change, 6 (2), 116-117. doi:10.1038/nclimate2924

Shimura, T.; Mori, N.; Hemer, M. (2016) Variability and future decreases in winter wave heights in the western North Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters. 43(6):2716-2722. DOI: 10.1002/2016GL067924

Zhang, X., P. Oke, M. Feng, M. Chamberlain, J. Church, D. Monselesan, C. Sun, R. Matear, A. Schiller, and R. Fiedler (2016), A near-global eddy-resolving OGCM for climate studies., Geoscientific Model Development Discussions, MS No.: gmd-2017-17. doi:10.5194/gmd-2016-17


Franzke, C. L. E., T. J. O’Kane, D. P. Monselesan, J. S. Risbey and I. Horenko. (2015) Systematic attribution of observed Southern Hemisphere circulation trends to external forcing and internal variability. Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 22, 513-525, doi:10.5194/npg-22-513-2015

Hoeke R.K., McInnes K.L., O’Grady J.G. (2015) Wind and wave setup contributions to extreme sea Levels at a tropical high island: A stochastic cyclone simulation study for Apia, Samoa J. Marine Science and Engineering 3:1117-1135. DOI: 10.3390/jmse3031117.

Lyu, K., X. Zhang, J. A. Church, and J. Hu (2015), Quantifying internally generated and externally forced climate signals at regional scales in CMIP5 models, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL065508

Lyu, K., X. Zhang, J. A. Church, and J. Hu (2015), Evaluation of the interdecadal variability of sea surface temperature and sea level in the Pacific in CMIP3 and CMIP5 models, Int. J. Climatol., doi:10.1002/joc.4587

O’Grady, J.G., McInnes, K.L., Colberg, F., Hemer, M. and Babinin, A. (2015:) Longshore Wind, Waves and Storm-Tide Currents: Climate and Climate Projections at Ninety Mile Beach, South-eastern Australia. Int. J. Clim. DOI: 10.1002/joc.4268.

O’Kane, T. J., J. S. Risbey, D. P. Monselesan, I. Horenko, C. L. E. Franzke. (2015) On the dynamics of persistent states and their secular trends in waveguides of southern hemisphere troposphere. Climate Dynamics, V45 doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2786-8.

Monselesan, D. P., T. J. O’Kane, J. S. Risbey, and J. Church. (2015) Internal climate memory in observations and models. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42: 1232–1242. doi: 10.1002/2014GL062765.

Risbey, J. S., Terence J. O’Kane, Didier P. Monselesan, Christian Franzke, and Illia Horenko. (2015) Metastability of Northern Hemisphere Teleconnection Modes. J. Atmos. Sci., 72, 35–54. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-14-0020.1.

Roemmich, D., J. Church, J. Gilson, D. Monselesan, P. Sutton and S. Wijffels (2015) Unabated planetary warming and its ocean structure since 2006. Nature Climate Change, 5(3) 240-245. doi:10.1038/nclimate2513.

Slangen, A. B. A., and J. A. Church, X. Zhang and D. Monselesan (2015) The sea-level response to external forcings in historical simulations of CMIP5 climate models. Journal of Climate, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0376.1.

Watson, C., N.J. White, J.A. Church, M.A. King, R.J. Burgette and B. Legresy. (2015) Unabated global mean sea-level rise over the satellite altimeter era. Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate2635. see also dedicated page here.


Griffies, S. M., J. Yin, P. J. Durack, P. Goddard, S. C. Bates, E. Behrens, M. Bentsen, D. Big, A. Biastoch, C. W. Böning, A. Bozec, E. Chassignet, G. Danabasoglu, S. Danilov, C. M. Domingues, H. Drange, R. Farneti, E. Fernandez, R. J. Greatbatch, D. M. Holland, M. Ilicak, W. G. Large, K. Lorbacher, J. Lu, S. J. Marsland, A. Mishra, A.J. G. Nurser, D. Salas y Mélia, J. B. Palter, B. L. Samuels, J. Schröter, F. U. Schwarzkopf, D. Sidorenko, A. M. Treguier, Y. Tseng, H. Tsujino, P. Uotila, S. Valcke, A. Voldoire, Q. Wang, M. Winton and X. Zhang. 2014. An assessment of global and regional sea level for years 1993–2007 in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations. Ocean Modelling. 78: 35-89. doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2014.03.004

Han, G. and Z. Ma, H. Bao, A. Slangen (2014) Regional Differences of Relative Sea Level Changes in the Northwest Atlantic: Historical Trends and Future Projections, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 156-164, doi: 10.1002/2013JC009454.

Lyu, K., and X. Zhang, J.A. Church, A.B.A. Slangen and J. Hu (2014) Time of emergence for regional sea-level change. Nature Climate Change, 4, 1006-1010 doi: 10.1038/nclimate2397.

McInnes, K.L, Walsh, K.J.E., O’Grady, J.G., Hoeke, R.K., Colberg, F. and G. D. Hubbert. (2014) Quantifying Storm Tide Risk in Fiji due to Climate Variability and Change. Global and Planetary Change. 116: 115–129. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2014.02.004

Risbey, J. S., S. Lewandowsky, C. Langlais, D. P. Monselesan, T. J. O’Kane and N. Oreskes. (2014) Well-estimated global surface warming in climate projections selected for ENSO phase Nature Climate Change. 4, 835-840. doi:10.1038/nclimate2310.

Slangen, A. B. A., and J. A. Church, X. Zhang and D. Monselesan (2014) Detection and attribution of global mean thermosteric sea-level change, Geophysical Research Letters, 41(16), 5951-5959, doi: 10.1002/2014GL061356.

Slangen, A. B. A., and R. S. W. van de Wal, Y. Wada and L. L. A. Vermeersen (2014) Comparing tide gauge observations to regional patterns of sea-level change (1961-2003), Earth System Dynamics, 5, 243-255, doi:10.5194/esd-5-243-2014.

Slangen, A. B. A., and M. Carson, C.A. Katsman, R.S.W. van de Wal, A. Koehl, L.L.A. Vermeersen and D. Stammer (2014) Projecting twenty-first century regional sea-level changes, Climatic Change, 124, 317-332, doi: 10.1007/s10584-014-1080-9.

White, N.J., Haigh, I.D., Church, J.A., Koen, T., Watson, C.S., Pritchard, T., Watson, P.J., Burgette, R.J., McInnes, K.L., You, B., Zhang, X., and Tregoning, P. 2014: Australian Sea Levels – Trends, Regional Variability and Influencing Factors. Earth-Science Reviews. 136:155–174 doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2014.05.011

Zhang, X., J. A. Church, S. M. Platten and D. Monselesan. 2014. Projection of subtropical gyre circulation and associated sea level changes in the Pacific based on CMIP3 climate models. Climate Dynamics. 43: 131-144. doi:10.1007/s00382-013-1902-x


Burgette, R.J., C.S. Watson, J.A. Church, N.J. White, P. Tregoning and R. Coleman (2013), Characterizing and minimizing the effects of noise in tide gauge time series: relative and geocentric sea level rise around Australia, Geophysical Journal International, 194, 719-726, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt131.

Church, J.A., D. Monselesan, J.M. Gregory and B. Marzeion (2013). Evaluating the ability of process based models to project sea-level change. Environmental Research Letters, 8, 014051.

Church, J. A., P. U. Clark, A. Cazenave, J. M. Gregory, S. Jevrejeva, A. Levermann, M. A. Merrifield, G. A. Milne, R. S. Nerem, P. D. Nunn, A. J. Payne, W. T. Pfeffer, D. Stammer and A. S. Unnikrishnan, 2013: Sea Level Change. Pages 1137-1216, In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T. F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S. K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P. M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. doi:10.1017/CBO9781107415324.026 View PDF

Gregory, J., N. White, J. Church, M. Bierkens, J. Box, M. Van den Broeke, G. Cogley, X. Fettweis, E. Hanna, P. Huybrechts, L. Konikow, P. Leclercq, B. Marzeion, J. Oerlemans, M. Tamisiea, Y. Wada, L. Wake, and R. Van de Wal (2013), Twentieth-century global-mean sea-level rise: is the whole greater than the sum of the parts? Journal of Climate, 26, 4476-4499, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00319.1.

Gregory, J.M., D.Bi, M.A.Collier, M.R.Dix, A.C.Hirst, A.Hu, M.Huber, R.Knutti, S. J.Marsland, M.Meinshausen, H.A.Rashid, L.D.Rotstayn, A. Schurer and J.A.Church (2013). Climate models without pre-industrial volcanic forcing underestimate historical ocean thermal expansion. Geophysical Research Letters, 40(8): 1600-1604, doi:10.1002/grl.50339.

Hoeke, R.K., McInnes, K.L., Kruger, J., McNaught, R., Hunter, J., and Smithers, S. 2013: Widespread inundation of Pacific islands by distant-source wind-waves. 108, 128–138. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2013.06.006

Hunter, J.R., J.A. Church, N.J. White and X. Zhang (2013), Towards a global regionally varying allowance for sea-level rise. Ocean Engineering, doi:10.1016/j.oceaneng.2012.12.041.

Leonard, M., Westra, S., Phatak, A., Lambert, M., van den Hurk, Bart, McInnes, K., Risbey, J., Schuster, S., Jakob, D., Stafford-Smith, M., 2013: Understanding the role of compound events in climate extremes. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews-Climate Change, 5, 113-128. doi:10.1002/wcc.252.

O’Kane, T. J.. J. S. Risbey, C. Franzke, I. Horenko and D. P. Monselesan. (2013) Changes in the Metastability of the Midlatitude Southern Hemisphere Circulation and the Utility of Nonstationary Cluster Analysis and Split-Flow Blocking Indices as Diagnostic Tools. J. Atmos. Sci., 70, 824–842. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-028.1.

Otto, A., F.E.L. Otto, O. Boucher, J. Church, G. Hegerl, P.M. Forster, N.P. Gillett, J. Gregory, G.C. Johnson, R. Knutti, N. Lewis, U. Lohmann, J. Marotzke, G. Myhre, D. Shindell, B. Stevens, and M.R. Allen (2013). The recent global energy budget points to a lower range of Transient Climate Response. Nature GeoScience, 6, 415-416. doi:10.1038/ngeo1836.

Sen Gupta, A., N. C. Jourdain, J. N. Brown and D. Monselesan, 2013: Climate Drift in the CMIP5 Models. J. Climate, 26, 8597–8615. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00521.1.

White, C.J., K.L. McInnes, R.P. Cechet, S.P. Corney, M.R. Grose, G.K. Holz, J.J. Katzfey and N.L. Bindoff (2013). On regional dynamical downscaling for the assessment of temperature and procipitation extremes across Tasmania, Australia. Climate Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-01301718-8.


Aucan, J., R. Hoeke and M. A. Merrifield (2012), Wave-driven sea level anomalies at the Midway tide gauge as an index of North Pacific storminess over the past 60 years, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L17603, doi:10.1029/2012GL052993.

Behrens, S., J. Hayward, M. Hemer and P. Osman (2012), Assessing the wave energy convertors potential for Australian coastal regions – part 1. Renewable Energy, 43, 210-217. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2011.11.031

Cavaleri, L., B. Fox-Kemper and M.Hemer (2012), Wind-waves in the coupled climate system. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00170.1

Colberg, F. and K. L. McInnes (2012), The impact of future changes in weather patterns on extreme sea levels over southern Australia, J. Geophys. Res., 117, C08001, doi:10.1029/2012JC007919.

Gleckler, P. J., B. D. Santer, C. M. Domingues, D. W. Pierce, T. P. Barnett, J. A. Church, K. E. Taylor, K. M. AchutaRao, T. P. Boyer, M. Ishii and P. M. Caldwell (2012), Human-induced global ocean warming on multidecadal timescales. Nature Clim. Change, 2, 524-529,

Hemer, M.A, K.L. McInnes and R. Ranasinghe (2012), Climate and variability bias adjustment of climate model derived winds for an east Australian dynamical wave model. Ocean Dynamics, 62, 87-104.

Hemer, M.A., X.L. Wang, R. Weisse and V.R. Swail (2012), Community advancing wind-waves climate science: The COWCLIP project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93(6), 791-796. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00184.1

Hemer, M.A., J. Katzfey and C.E. Trenham (2012), Global dynamical projections of surface ocean wave climate for a future high greenhouse gas emission scenario. Ocean Modelling (Special Issue on Surface Ocean Waves). DOI:10.1016/j.ocemod.2012.09.008

Hemer, M.A., K.L. McInnes and R. Ranasinghe (2012), Exploring uncertainty in regional east Australian wave climate projections. International Journal of Climatology. DOI: 10.1002/joc.3537

Lorbacher, K., S.J. Marsland, J.A. Church and S.M. Griffies (2012), Rapid barotropic sea-level rise from simulated ice-sheet melting. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C06003, 2012. doi:10.1029/2011JC007733.

Masters, D., R. S. Nerem , C. Choe , E. Leuliette , B. Beckley , N. White & M. Ablain (2012): Comparison of Global Mean Sea Level Time Series from TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, and Jason-2, Marine Geodesy, 35:sup1, 20-41. doi:10.1080/01490419.2012.717862

Dana Nuccitelli, Robert Way, Rob Painting, John Church and John Cook (2012), Comment on Ocean heat content and Earth’s radiation imbalance. II. Relation to climate shifts, Physics Letters A, 376, 3466-3468. doi:10.1016/j.physleta.2012.10.010.

Walsh, K.J.E., K.L. McInnes and J.L. McBride (2012), Climate change impacts on tropical cyclones and extreme sea levels in the South Pacific – a regional assessment. Global and Planetary Change, 80-81, 149-164.

Whetton, P., Hennessy, K., Clarke, J., McInnes, K.L., Kent, D. 2012: Use of Representative Climate Futures in impact and adaptation assessment. Clim Change Letters 115: 433–442 (DOI 10.1007/s10584-012-0471-z)

Willis, J.K. and J.A. Church (2012), Regional Sea-level Projection. Science, 336 vol. 336 no. 6081, pp. 550-551. doi:10.1126/science.1220366

Zhang, X., J. A. Church, S. M. Platten, and D. Monselesan, 2013: Projection of subtropical gyre circulation and associated sea level changes in the Pacific based on CMIP3 climate models. Climate Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-013-1902-x.

Zhang, X. and J.A. Church (2012), Sea level trends, interannual and decadal variability in the Pacific Ocean.Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (21), L21701. doi:10.1029/2012gl053240


Helm, K.P., N.L. Bindoff and J.A. Church (2011). Observed decreases in oxygen content of the global Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38(23), L23602, doi:10.1029/2011GL049513.

Church, J.A., J.M. Gregory, N.J. White, S.M. Platten and J.X. Mitrovica (2011). Understanding and projecting sea level change. Oceanography 24(2):130-143, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2011.33.

Katsman, C.A., A. Sterl, J.J. Beersma, H.W. van den Brink, J.A. Church, W. Hazeleger, R.E. Kopp, D. Kroon, J. Kwadijk, R. Lammersen, J. Lowe, M. Oppenheimer, H.-P. Plag, J. Ridley, H. von Storch, D.G. Vaughan, P. Vellinga, L.L.A. Vermeersen, R.S.W. van de Wal and R. Weisse,(2011). Exploring high-end scenarios for local sea level rise to develop flood protection strategies for a low-lying delta – the Netherlands as an example. Climatic Change, 109(3), 617-645. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-011-0037-5

Hoeke, R., C. Storlazzi, and P. Ridd (2011), Hydrodynamics of a bathymetrically complex fringing coral reef embayment: Wave climate, in situ observations, and wave prediction, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C04018, doi:10.1029/2010JC006170.

Hoeke, R.K., P.L. Jokiel, R.W. Buddemeier and R.E. Brainard (2011), Projected Changes to Growth and Mortality of Hawaiian Corals over the Next 100 Years. PLoS ONE, 6(3), e18038. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018038.

McInnes, K.L., J.G. O’Grady, K.J.E. Walsh and F. Colberg (2011), Progress towards quantifying storm surge risk in Fiji due to climate variability and change. J. Coastal Res., SI64, 1121-1124. link.

Church, J.A., N.J. White, L.F. Konikow, C.M. Domingues, J.G. Cogley, E. Rignot, J.M. Gregory, M.R. van den Broeke, A.J. Monaghan and I. Velicogna (2011), Revisiting the Earth’s sea level and energy budgets from 1961 to 2008, Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L18601, doi:10.1029/2011GL048794.

Watson, C., N. White, J. Church, R. Burgette, P. Tregoning and R. Coleman (2011), Absolute Calibration in Bass Strait, Australia: TOPEX, Jason-1 and OSTM/Jason-2. Marine Geodesy, 34, 242-260, doi:10.1080/01490419.2011.584834

Barker, P.M., J.R. Dunn, C.M. Domingues and S.E. Wijffels (2011), Pressure Sensor Drifts in Argo and Their Impacts. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceaninc Technology, 28, 1036-1049, doi:10.1175/2011JTECHO831.1

McInnes, K.L., T.A. Erwin and J.M. Bathols (2011), Global Climate Model projected changes in 10 m wind due to anthropogenic climate change. Atmos. Sci. Letters, 12, 325-333, doi: 10.1002/asl.341.

Church, J. A. and N.J. White (2011), Sea-level rise from the late 19th to the early 21st Century. Surveys in Geophysics, 32, 585-602, doi:10.1007/s10712-011-9119-1
CLICK HERE to download the pdf file.

Deng, X, D.A. Griffin, K. Ridgway, J.A. Church, W.E. Featherstone, N. White and M. Cahill (2010), Chapter 18: Satellite altimetry for geodetic, oceanographic and climate studies in the Australian region, in: S. Vignudelli, A. Kostianoy, P. Cipollini and J. Benveniste (eds.), Coastal Altimetry, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010 (ISBN: 978-3-642-12795-3, e-ISBN: 978-3-642-12796-0; DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-12796-0_18).


Hemer, M. A., Church, J. A. and Hunter, J. R. (2010), Variability and trends in the directional wave climate of the Southern Hemisphere. Int. J. Climatol., 30: 475–491. doi: 10.1002/joc.1900

Hemer, M.A., X. L. Wang, J. A. Church, and V. R. Swail, 2010: MODELING PROPOSAL: Coordinating Global Ocean Wave Climate Projections. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91, 451–454.

Church, J.A. (2010), The Changing Oceans. Science, Vol. 328 no. 5985 p. 1453. doi:

Helm, K. P., N. L. Bindoff, and J. A. Church (2010), Changes in the global hydrological-cycle inferred from ocean salinity, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L18701, doi:10.1029/2010GL044222.

Shapiro, Melvyn, Jagadish Shukla, Gilbert Brunet, Carlos Nobre, Michel Béland, Randall Dole, Kevin Trenberth, Richard Anthes, Ghassem Asrar, Leonard Barrie, Philippe Bougeault, Guy Brasseur, David Burridge, Antonio Busalacchi, Jim Caughey, Deliang Chen, John Church, Takeshi Enomoto, Brian Hoskins, Øystein Hov, Arlene Laing, Hervé Le Treut, Jochem Marotzke, Gordon McBean, Gerald Meehl, Martin Miller, Brian Mills, John Mitchell, Mitchell Moncrieff, Tetsuo Nakazawa, Haraldur Olafsson, Tim Palmer, David Parsons, David Rogers, Adrian Simmons, Alberto Troccoli, Zoltan Toth, Louis Uccellini, Christopher Velden, and John M. Wallace, 2010: An Earth-System Prediction Initiative for the Twenty-First Century. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91, 1377–1388.


OceansScience and solutsions for Australia Editor: Bruce MapstoneRelease Date: November 2017ISBN: 9781486307937 (paperback)
9781486307944 (epdf)
9781486307951 (epub)Pages: 224The Oceans book, produced by CSIRO Publishing, provides a brief, accessible description of some of the key features of our marine estate, overviews of some areas where primary marine activities are supported by research, and some predictions of what marine research might look like in the near future.
Ocean Circulation and Climate, 2nd Edition
A 21st century perspective
Editor(s) : Siedler & Griffies & Gould & ChurchRelease Date: 01 Nov 2013Imprint:Academic PressPrint BookISBN :9780123918512eBook ISBN :9780123918536

Pages: 904

Provides an up-to-date summary of the state of the science relating to the role of the oceans in the physical climate system

Understanding Sea-level Rise and Variability Cover of the Sea Level bookRelease date: August 2010ISBN: 978-1-4443-3452-4Pages: 456Based on the World Climate Research Programme workshop on Understanding Sea-Level Rise and Variability held in Paris in 2006.Available from Wiley-Blackwell.

Chapter titles

1 Introduction.

2 Impacts of and Responses to Sea-Level Rise.

3 A First-Order Assessment of the Impact of Long-Term Trends in Extreme Sea Levels on Offshore Structures and Coastal Refineries.

4 Paleoenvironmental Records, Geophysical Modeling, and Reconstruction of Sea-Level Trends and Variability on Centennial and Longer Timescales.

5 Modern Sea-Level-Change Estimates.

6 Ocean Temperature and Salinity Contributions to Global and Regional Sea-Level Change.

7 Cryospheric Contributions to Sea-level Rise and Variability.

8 Terrestrial Water-Storage Contributions to Sea-Level Rise and Variability.

9 Geodetic Observations and Global Reference Frame Contributions to Understanding Sea-Level Rise and Variability.

10 Surface Mass Loading on a Dynamic Earth: Complexity and Contamination in the Geodetic Analysis of Global Sea-Level Trends.

11 Past and Future Changes in Extreme Sea Levels and Waves.

12 Observing Systems Needed to Address Sea-level Rise and Variability.

13 Sea-level Rise and Variability: Synthesis and Outlook for the Future.

Other publications

Contributions to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPCC 2014. R.K. Pachauri, Myles R. Allen, Vicente Ricardo Barros, John Broome, Wolfgang Cramer, Renate Christ, John A. Church, Leon Clarke, Qin Dahe, Purnamita Dasgupta, Navroz K. Dubash, Ottmar Edenhofer, Ismail Elgizouli, Christopher B. Field, Piers Forster, Pierre Friedlingstein, Jan Fuglestvedt, Luis Gomez-Echeverri, Stephane Hallegatte, Gabriele Hegerl , Mark Howden, Kejun Jiang, Blanca Jimenez Cisneros, Vladimir Kattsov, Hoesung Lee, Katharine J. Mach, Jochem Marotzke, Michael D. Mastrandrea, Leo Meyer, Jan Minx, Yacob Mulugetta, Karen O’Brien, Michael Oppenheimer, Joy J. Pereira, Ramón Pichs-Madruga, Gian-Kasper Plattner, Hans-Otto Pörtner, Scott B. Power, Benjamin Preston, N.H. Ravindranath, Andy Reisinger, Keywan Riahi, Matilde Rusticucci, Robert Scholes, Kristin Seyboth, Youba Sokona, Robert Stavins, Thomas F. Stocker, Petra Tschakert, Detlef van Vuuren, Jean-Pascal van Ypersele (2014). Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. [The Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L. Meyer (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.Church, J. A., P. U. Clark, A. Cazenave, J. M. Gregory, S. Jevrejeva, A. Levermann, M. A. Merrifield, G. A. Milne, R. S. Nerem, P. D. Nunn, A. J. Payne, W. T. Pfeffer, D. Stammer and A. S. Unnikrishnan, 2013: Sea Level Change. Pages 1137-1216, In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T. F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S. K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P. M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.Stocker, T. F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, L. V. Alexander, S. K. Allen, N. L. Bindoff, F.-M. Bréon, J. A. Church, U. Cubasch, S. Emori, P. Forster, P. Friedlingstein , N. Gillett, J. M. Gregory, D. L. Hartmann, E. Jansen, B. Kirtman, R. Knutti, K. Krishna Kumar, P. Lemke, J. Marotzke, V. Masson-Delmotte, G. A. Meehl, I. Mokhov, S. Piao, V. Ramaswamy, D. Randall, M. Rhein, M. Rojas, C. Sabine, D. Shindell, L. D. Talley, D. G. Vaughan and S.-P. Xie, 2013: Technical Summary. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T. F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S. K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P. M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.IPCC, 2013: Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T. F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S. K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P. M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. (Drafting Authors: Lisa V. Alexander, Simon K. Allen, Nathaniel L. Bindoff, François-Marie Bréon, John A. Church, Ulrich Cubasch, Seita Emori, Piers Forster, Pierre Friedlingstein, Nathan Gillett, Jonathan M. Gregory, Dennis L. Hartmann, Eystein Jansen, Ben Kirtman, Reto Knutti, Krishna Kumar Kanikicharla, Peter Lemke, Jochem Marotzke, Valérie Masson-Delmotte, Gerald A. Meehl, Igor I. Mokhov, Shilong Piao, Gian-Kasper Plattner, Qin Dahe, Venkatachalam Ramaswamy, David Randall, Monika Rhein, Maisa Rojas, Christopher Sabine, Drew Shindell, Thomas F. Stocker, Lynne D. Talley, David G. Vaughan, Shang- Ping Xie)

Book chapters

Holbrook, Neil; Claar, Danielle; Hobday, Alistair; McInnes, Kathy; Oliver, Eric; Sen Gupta, Alex; Widlansky, Matthew; Zhang, Xuebin. Chapter 18: ENSO-Driven Ocean Extremes and Their Ecosystem Impacts. In: Michael J. McPhaden, Agus Santoso, and Wenju Cai, editor/s. El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate. American Geophysical Union; 2020. 409-428., C.E. and Steer, A.D., 2019, Chapter 3: The Good Data Manifesto, in Daly, A., Devitt, K., Mann, M., eds, Good Data, Theory on Demand #29, Institute of Network Cultures Publications, Amsterdam, 37-53. (ISBN: 9789492302274).Church, J.A., Neil J. White, Catia M. Domingues, Didier P. Monselesan and Elaine R. Miles,, 2013. Chapter 27: Sea-level and ocean heat-content change, in Siedler, G., Griffies, S.M., Gould, W.J. and Church, J.A. Editors, Ocean circulation and Climate, A 21st Century Perspective. International Geophysics Series, Volume 103, 697-725. ( ISBN: 978-0-12-391851-2., J,A., White, N.J., Domingues, C.M., Barker, P.M., Wijffels, S.E. and Dunn, J.R. 2011. Box 1.3: Ocean Warming and Sea-level Rise, in Climate change: Global risks, challenges and decisions, Lead Authors: Katherine Richardson, Will Steffen and Diana Liverman. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK (ISBN 978-0-521-19836-3).Church, J.A., Asrar, G.R., Busalacchi, A.J. and Arndt, C.E. 2011. Climate Information for Coping with Environmental Change: Contributions of the World Climate Research Programme. Chapter 78, 1257-1271, Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace, Vol. 5: Coping with Global Environmental Change Disasters and Security: Threats, Challenges, Vulnerabilities and Risks. Springer-Verlag Berlin 2011. ISBN: 978-3-642-17775-0.Woodworth, P.L., Church, J.A., Aarup, T. and Wilson, W.S. 2010. Chapter 1: Introduction. In: Understanding Sea-level Rise and Variability, Eds. John A. Church, Philip L. Woodworth, Thorkild Aarup and W. Stanley Wilson. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Chichester, UK. (427 pp; ISBN: 978-1-4443-3452-4 (paperback); 978-1-4443-3451-7 (hardback).

Church, J.A., Roemmich, D., Domingues, C.M., Willis, J.K., White, N.J. Gilson, J.E., Stammer, D., Köhl, A., Chambers, D.P., Landerer, F.W., Marotzke, J., Gregory, J., Suzuki, T., Cazenave, A. and Le Traon, P.-Y. 2010. Chapter 6. Ocean temperature and salinity contributions to global and regional sea-level change. In: Understanding Sea-level Rise and Variability, Eds. John A. Church, Philip L. Woodworth, Thorkild Aarup and W. Stanley Wilson. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Chichester, UK. (427 pp; ISBN: 978-1-4443-3452-4 (paperback); 978-1-4443-3451-7 (hardback).

Church, J.A., Aarup, T., Woodworth, P.L., Wilson, W.S., Nicholls, R.J., Rayner, R., Lambeck, K., Mitchum, G.T., Steffen, K., Cazenave, A., Blewitt, G., Mitrovica, J.X. and Lowe, J.A. 2010. Chapter 13: Sea-level Rise and Variability – Synthesis and Outlook for the Future. In: Understanding Sea-level Rise and Variability, Eds. John A. Church, Philip L. Woodworth, Thorkild Aarup and W. Stanley Wilson. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Chichester, UK. (427 pp; ISBN: 978-1-4443-3452-4 (paperback); 978-1-4443-3451-7 (hardback).

Church, J.A., Woodworth, P.L., Aarup, T and Wilson, Editors, W.S. 2010. Understanding Sea-level Rise and Variability, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Chichester, UK. (427 pp; ISBN: 978-1-4443-3452-4 (paperback); 978-1-4443-3451-7 (hardback).

Sea-level Rise. John Church, Neil White, John Hunter, Kathleen McInnes, Peter Cowell and Siobhan O’Farrell. Chapter 12 (p191-209) of Transitions: Pathways Towards Sustainable Urban Development in Australia. CSIRO Publishing/Springer, 2008. Edited by Peter Newton. ISBN 9780643094192

Articles, briefings, reports etc

McInnes, Kathy; Hoeke, Ron. Extreme Sea Level Climatologies for the Western Tropical Pacific . Melbourne: CSIRO; 2022., Mark. 2021 State of the Environment Report Marine Chapter – Expert Assessment – Management Effectiveness – Offshore renewable energy generation. Canberra: Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment (DAWE); 2022., Mark. 2021 State of the Environment Report Marine Chapter – Expert Assessment – Pressure – Offshore renewable energy generation. Canberra: Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment (DAWE); 2022., Beth; Hemer, Mark. 2021 State of the Environment Report Marine Chapter – Case Study – Australia’s Blue Economy. Canberra: Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment; 2022., Leanne; Hernaman, Vanessa; Chand, Savin; Deo, Anil; Gooley, Geoff. Climate change projections to inform black pearl production vulnerability in the Cook Islands.. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO; 2022., Andrew; Hoeke, Ron; Crossing, Ryan; De Groot, Beau; Branson, Paul; Pitman, Tracey. Mooring Design and Operational Guidelines for Lightweight Wave Buoys V1.0. Digital: CSIRO; 2021.

Sheppard, Marian; Hill, Ro; Hopkins, Mandy; Schmidt, Sophie; Hunter, Cass; Ramsay, Hamish; Webb, Torres; Canadell, Pep; Karoly, David; Marsland, Simon; McInnes, Kathy; O’Grady, Julian; Pirzl, Rebecca; van Velden, Julia; Williams, Rachel. National First Peoples Gathering on Climate Change: Workshop Report. Melbourne: Earth Systems and Climate Change Hub; 2021.

McInnes, Kathy; Kajtar, Jules; Holbrook, Neil; Hemer, Mark; Hernaman, Vanessa. Coastal Climate Services: A Review of Needs for Coastal, Marine and Offshore Applications. Aspendale: Australian Government, National Environmental Science Programme; 2021.

Morgan, Monica; Morgan-Bulled, Damian; Bullio, Rowena; Hopkins, Mandy; Hill, Ro; Talbot, Leah; Lyons, Pethie; Sheppard, Marian; Gorring, Ariadne; Johnston, Sam; Baldwin, Larissa; Karoly, David; Bolsenius, J; Brady, Landon; Bux, J; Clubb, K; Clubb, R; Cooper, Sonia; Cushion, A; Neal, Paul Djungan; Flugge, Kelvin; Fourmile, J; Gilbert, J; Gilbert, R; Gudju Gudju, G; Jakobi, c; James, L; Joseph, J; Kerr, B; Kulka, A; Lawerence, M; Liezenga, K; Locke, J; McNeair, Bianca; Martin, B; Morgan, G; Mumbulla, M; Pattinson, A; Pattinson, M; Power, A; Romagnoli, Z; Steffensen, K; Stuart, H; Thompson, Suzanne; Turpin, Gerry; Walker, C; Wason, S; Watkins, S; Willis, K; Wilson, J; Whyman, D; Chung, Christine; Dobrohotoff, Peter; Marsland, Simon; Moise, Aurel; Ramsay, Hamish; Trenham, Claire; Wilson, Ben. National Indigenous Dialogue on Climate Change. NESO website: NESP ESCC Hub; 2020.

Hemer, Mark; Pitman, Tracey; McInnes, Kathy; Rosebrock, Uwe. The Australian Wave Energy Atlas Project Overview and Final Report. ARENA website: Australian Renewable Energy Agency; 2018. csiro:EP181174. Link

Hemer, Mark; Zieger, Stefan; Durrant, Tom; O’Grady, Julian; Hoeke, Ron; McInnes, Kathy; et al. The Australian Wave Energy Atlas Technical Report. CSIRO: CSIRO; 2018. csiro:EP179374.

McInnes, Kathy; Hemer, Mark; O’Grady, Julian; Hoeke, Ron; Contardo, Stephanie. Wave Energy Deployments Physical Impact Guidelines. CSIRO: CSIRO; 2018. csiro:EP181064.

McInnes, Kathy; Church, John; Zhang, Xuebin; Monselesan, Didier; Legresy, Benoit. Sea-Level Rise Projections for Malaysia: Final Report. Report for National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia.. Australia: CSIRO; 2017. csiro:EP184567.

K. McInnes, M. Hemer, R. Hoeke (2016). Hurt by Sea: how storm surges and sea level rise make coastal life risky. The Conversation. Online article.

M. Hemer, I. Penesis, K. McInnes, R. Manasseh, T. Pitman (2016).Catching the waves: it’s time for Australia to embrace ocean renewable energy. The Conversation. Online article.

Church JA, McInnes KL, Monselesan D, O’Grady J. 2016. Sea-Level Rise and Allowances for Coastal Councils around Australia – Guidance Material. CSIRO Report, 64 pp

CSIRO and Australian Bureau of Meteorology, 2014. Climate Variability, Extremes and Change in the Western Tropical Pacific: New Science and Updated Country Reports (ISBN: 9781486302895). Link

Braganza, Karl & John Church 2011. Observations of the Global and Australian Climate. In Climate Change: Science and Solutions for Australia. Helen Cleugh, Mark Stafford Smith, Michael Battaglia and Paul Graham (Editors). CSIRO Publishing (Melbourne).

Australian Bureau of Meteorology and CSIRO, 2011. Climate Change in the Pacific: Scientific Assessment and New Research. Volume 1: Regional Overview (ISBN: 9781921826733 (pbk.) ISBN: 9781921826740 (ebook)).

Australian Bureau of Meteorology and CSIRO, 2011. Climate Change in the Pacific: Scientific Assessment and New Research. Volume 2: Country Reports. (ISBN: 9780643107137 (pbk.: Vol. 2) ISBN: 9780643107144 (ebook: Vol. 2))

S. Power, K. Hennessy, G. Cambers, J. Rischbieth, S. Baldwin, Jo Brown, D. Collins, R. Colman, D. Irving, J. Katzfey, P. Kokic, B. Murphy, D. Abbs, Jaclyn Brown, J. Church, F. Delage, A. Sen Gupta, D. Jones, S. McGree, M. Hopkins, A. Moise, S. Perkins, A. Schiller, B. Tilbrook, X. Zhang (Pacific Climate Change Science Program), M. Vaiimene, D. Maihia, N. Bates (Cook Islands), T. Terencio, F. Moniz, S. da Silva (East Timor), D. Aranug, J. Berdon, E. Skilling (Federated States of Micronesia), A. Waqaicelua, A. Daphne, B. Prakash, V. Vuniyayawa, R. Kumar (Fiji), U. Toorua, T. Tetabo, R. Abeta, N. Teuatabo (Kiribati), R. White, L. Jacklick, N. Lobwij (Marshall Islands), A. Kaierua, F. Teimitsi, D. Audoa (Nauru), R. Misiepo, A. Misikea, F. Pihigia Talagi (Niue), M. Ngemaes, D. Ngirengkoi, G. Sisior (Palau), K, Inape, M. Virobo (Papua New Guinea), F. Lagomauitumua, S. K. Seuseu , T. Faasaoina (Samoa), D. Hiriasia, L. Tahani (Solomon Islands), O. Fa’anunu, M. Lakai (Tonga), H. Vavae, K. Epu (Tuvalu), S. Kaniaha, P. Malsale (Vanuatu), on behalf of all PCCSP staff and others who contributed to the report or its production. Climate Change in the Pacific: Scientific Assessment and New Research. CLIVAR Exchanges, 17 (no 58), 37-39.

Church, J.A., J.M. Gregory, N.J. White, S.M. Platten and J.X. Mitrovica (2011), Understanding and Projecting Sea Level Change. Oceanography (Journal of The Oceanography Society), 24(2), 130-143, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2011.33.
Note that this issue is a special issue on sea level with a number of interesting articles!

Hemer, M., X. Wang, R. Weisse and the COWCLIP team (2011), The WCRP/JCOMM Supported Coordinate Ocean Wave Climate Projections (COWCLIP) workshop: Post-workshop white-paper. JCOMM-TR-55, WMO/TD-No. 1581, WCRP Report No. 22/2011. Available here.

Hemer, M. (2011), Coordinated Ocean Wave Climate Projections (COWCLIP). JCOMM Newsletter Issue No. 9, May 2011. Available here.

Greenslade, D.A., M.A Hemer, G. Symonds and P. Craig (2010), Wind Waves Research in Australia. Bulletin of the Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, 32(4), Oct 2010.

Church, John A., Neil J. White, John R. Hunter and Kurt Lambeck (2008), Briefing: A post-IPCC AR4 on sea-level rise. For Department of Climate Change, 20pp. Download PDF (3.8 MB)

Church, John A., Robert Nicholls, John E. Hay and Vivien Gornitz (2007), Ice and Sea-level Change, in Global Outlook for Ice and Snow, Ed. Joan Eamer, United Nations Environment Programme, 235pp (ISBN: 978-92-807-2799-9)

Church, John A., Global sea levels: Past present and Future (2007), Roger Revelle Lecture, IOC Annual Report.

Sea Change Threatened by Climate Change. Australasian Science, Vol 27, no 10, November/December 2006, pp19-22

Conference papers

 Contact researchers directly, or visit

In the media

14/9/2021 The Conversation. How much will our oceans warm and cause sea levels to rise this century? We’ve just improved our estimate. (Lyu, Church & Zhang)8/10/2019 The Guardian: How extreme sea level events are going to increase in Australia (McInnes contribution)26/9/2019 The Conversation: A landmark report confirms Australia is girt by hotter, higher seas. But there’s still time to act (McInnes)25/9/2019 The Age: Hotter oceans, wilder weather, less ice: the IPCC upgrades projections to catastrophic (McInnes)17/9/2019 ABC regional SA: Curious kids – Why the moon controls the sea? (O’Grady) recording available on request20/8/2019 SciMex Griffith Uni media release: Wave climate projections predict risks to Aussie coastlines (Morim)

20/8/2019 China Daily: Half of world’s coastlines to face altered wave conditions due to climate change: report and XinHuaNet (Morim)

20/8/2019 ABC News 24: Interview with Joao Morim 3:35PM

20/8/2019 ABC RN The World Today: Major swell off NSW coast a sign of things to come (Morim)

20/8/2019 SMH: Warming climate to stir up more damaging waves as ‘rare event’ nears: research (Morim)

20/8/2019 The Conversation: Climate change may change the way ocean waves impact 50% of the world’s coastlines (Hemer and Morim)

24/5/2019 The Conversation: Curious Kids – Why are there waves? M. Hemer

30/11/2017 ABC News Breakfast: Launch of CSIRO’s Oceans book (McInnes)

August 2017 Women’s Weekly: Leading the Charge (featuring Kathy McInnes)

23/5/2017 XinHuaNet: China partner with Australia to open state of the art ocean research center in Tasmania (Zhang)

23/5/2017 The Mercury: Science is the winner from alliance (subscription only)

22/5/2017 SMH: China to partly fund new CSIRO climate research centre

15/11/2016 The Conversation: Hurt by sea: how storm surges and sea level rise make coastal life risky

30/10/2016 ABC: Rising sea levels speeding up coastal erosion csiro says

18/10/2016 The Conversation: Catching the waves: it’s time for Australia to embrace ocean renewable energy

2008 Wonderful Western Port (2008) Pt 1 (featuring Kathy McInnes)

Public outreach

20/3/2019, Julian O’Grady, NESP Earth Systems & Climate Change Hub Webinar, “Understanding future extreme sea levels – tools and information to support coastal management“.