The Pilbara region hosts fish assemblages characterised by high diversity, with low productivity but economically important fisheries.
Fish and shark assemblages are recognised as being particularly vulnerable to fishing pressure, climate change and habitat quality.
The PMCP fish and sharks project, being led by The University of Western Australia’s Marine Ecology Group, is providing context to marine conservation efforts in the Pilbara/Ningaloo area by undertaking the first regional-scale assessment of the conditions of, and threats to, finfish and shark biodiversity assets. The assessment is compiling information on the condition of fish and shark populations, habitat dependencies, food chain (trophic) interactions, and their role in maintaining reef resilience.
The research project has been divided into three areas of investigation:
Study locations have been selected between northern Ningaloo and the Dampier Archipelago, with surveys for coral reef health and fish co-located along the gradient of fishing pressure. The research has been building on existing condition indicators for fish, in particular those developed using data from an eight year time series collected from fished and protected areas at the Houtman-Abrolhos Islands and at Ningaloo. There are also likely to be close links between coral reef health condition indicators and those for fish and shark assemblages given many fish are dependent on corals to provide habitat, which can be affected by any impacts to corals. Fish can also affect benthic systems on coral reefs so changes to fish assemblages may in turn affect corals and algae.
A combination of sampling techniques have been used to collect the data, with new techniques for estimating abundance of large fauna that are sparsely-distributed and difficult to survey also being trialed.
The research helping to answer some key management questions such as: