Renewable Hydrogen Production and Refuelling Project

August 19th, 2022

Renewable Hydrogen Production and Refuelling Project

This project will supply renewable hydrogen to BOC’s existing customer base in Queensland as well as supplying a hydrogen refuelling station hosted in Brisbane. Phase 1 of this mobility trial is for the refuelling of QFleet vehicles with further vehicles and 350-bar trucks and buses to be added in Phase 2.

Main proponents:

BOC Limited

Main end-use classification:

Hydrogen industrial gas and mobility


Under construction – while the hydrogen production facilities are operational and BOC is supplying hydrogen to the market, the station refuelling facilities are expected to be operational in the latter part of 2022

Estimated cost:

AUD$5.54 million

Other involvement:


Production details:

Hydrogen production – Up to 2,400 kilograms per month capacity


Queensland, Australia

Announced funding:

AUD$1,111,700 – Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA)

AUD$3.2 million – BOC

AUD$230,000 – Other sources

Project description

The purpose of the project is to demonstrate renewable hydrogen production and support the commercialisation of hydrogen for vehicle transport.

Construction on the project was delayed as a result of COVID-19 and the full range of production and refuelling facilities are now anticipated to be operational in the latter part of 2022.

BOC produced hydrogen at its Altona facility in Melbourne, Victoria, by means of steam methane reforming (SMR) using natural gas as feedstock into the process.  With the closure in 2015 of the BP oil refinery (102,000 barrels-per-day capacity) at Bulwer Island in Brisbane, Queensland, BOC has been transporting hydrogen from Altona to Bulwer Island in high-pressure road tube trailers to supply its Queensland industrial gas customers. The transport of the hydrogen from Victoria to Queensland results in approximately 90,000 kilograms of CO2 emissions.

To reduce road transport costs and risks and CO2 emissions, BOC constructed renewable hydrogen production facilities at Bulwer Island.

BOC installed a 220 kilowatt (kW) Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) electrolyser supplied by UK-based company ITM Power. The electrolyser is powered by a 100kW solar array. The electrolyser has capacity to produce up to 2,400 kilograms (kg) of hydrogen per month.

The produced hydrogen will supply BOC’s existing customer base in Queensland as well as providing up to 50kg of hydrogen per day for a hydrogen refuelling station hosted in Brisbane, presently under construction.

In July 2022, it was announced that a hydrogen refuelling station would be constructed at the bp truck stop at the Port of Brisbane with the hydrogen supplied from BOCs Bulwer Island facilities. The refuelling station is expected to be commissioned in October 2022.  The refuelling station will be upgraded to support heavy transport (trucks) as part of the East Coast hydrogen highway. The Queensland Government is trialling five Hyundai NEXO hydrogen fuel-cell electric vehicles (HFCEV) in its fleet. This facility will be open to other organisations using HFCEV’s.


August 2019: BOC announces the commencement of a renewable hydrogen project at its Bulwer Island location in Brisbane, Queensland.

August 2019: ARENA announces AUD$950,000 in funding to BOC for a renewable hydrogen production and refuelling project in Queensland.

March 2022: Hydrogen production starts at the BOC Bulwer Island facility.


Updated: August 2022