Measuring properties of thermal insulating materials.
To construct more energy efficient buildings thermal insulating materials are used to restrict heat flow. CSIRO measures how well thermal insulating materials perform using our NATA accredited test facility to determine thermal performance of the material to AS/NZS 4859.1. Thermal performance of materials encompasses:
- Thermal resistance (R-value)
- Thermal conductance (U-value)
- Thermal conductivity (k).
CSIRO has measured thermal properties for a large array of materials, including poly urethane foam products, PIR foam products, polyester foam products, polystyrene foam products, fibre blanket materials, aerated autoclaved concrete, fire retardant board, mineral fibre duct insulation, cellular glass block, soil, and many more!
Test methods applied for measuring thermal properties of materials include:
- ASTM C518 Steady state thermal transmission properties by means of heat flow meter apparatus
- ASTM C653 Determination of the thermal resistance of low-density blanket type mineral fiber insulation
- ASTM C687 Determination of thermal resistance of loose fill building insulation
- ASTM C240 Testing of cellular glass block*
Another approach to making more energy efficient buildings is to use phase change materials which store energy via transition between solid to liquid phases (and vice versa). CSIRO also has the capability to measure heat storage of this material type using standard method:
- ASTM C1784 Using a heat flow apparatus for measuring thermal storage properties of phase change materials and products.*
* test methods which are currently outside the scope of CSIRO’s accreditation