Responsible AI: Best Practices for Creating Trustworthy AI Systems














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AI is solving real-world challenges and transforming industries. Yet, there are serious concerns about its ability to behave and make decisions in a responsible way. Operationalizing responsible AI is about providing concrete guidelines to a wide range of decision-makers and technologists on how to govern, design, and build responsible AI systems. These include governance mechanisms at the industry, organizational, and team level; software engineering best practices; architecture styles and design patterns; system-level techniques connecting code with data and models; and trade-offs in design decisions. Responsible AI includes a set of practices that technologists (for example, technology-conversant decision-makers, software developers, and AI practitioners) can undertake to ensure the

AI systems they develop or adopt are trustworthy throughout the entire lifecycle and can be trusted by those who use them. The book offers guidelines and best practices not just for the AI part of a system, but also for the much larger software infrastructure that typically wraps around the AI.


  • Concrete and actionable guidelines throughout the lifecycle of AI systems, including governance mechanisms, process best practices, design patterns, and system engineering techniques.
  • Reduce the risks of AI adoption, accelerate AI adoption in responsible ways, and translate ethical principles into products, consultancy, and policy impact to support the AI industry.
  • Online repository of patterns, techniques, examples, and playbooks kept up-to-date by the authors.
  • Real world case studies to demonstrate responsible AI in practice.
  • Chart the course to responsible AI excellence, from governance to design, with actionable insights and engineering prowess found in this definitive guide.


Please see the preview chapter at: Responsible AI Book_Chapter 2


About the author:

Dr. Qinghua Lu is a principal research scientist and leads the Responsible AI science team at CSIRO’s Data61. She received her PhD from University of New South Wales in 2013. Her current research interests include responsible AI, software engineering for AI/GAI, and software architecture. She has published 150+ papers in premier international journals and conferences. Her recent paper titled “Towards a Roadmap on Software Engineering for Responsible AI” received the ACM Distinguished Paper Award. Dr. Lu is part of the OECD.AI’s trustworthy AI metrics project team. She also serves a member of Australia’s National AI Centre Responsible AI at Scale think tank. She is the winner of the 2023 APAC Women in AI Trailblazer Award.

Prof. Liming Zhu is a Research Director at CSIRO’s Data61 and a conjoint full professor at the University of New South Wales (UNSW). He is the chairperson of Standards Australia’s blockchain committee and contributes to the AI trustworthiness committee. He is a member of the OECD.AI expert group on AI Risks and Accountability, as well as a member of the Responsible AI at Scale think tank at Australia’s National AI Centre. His research program innovates in the areas of AI/ML systems, responsible/ethical AI, software engineering, blockchain, regulation technology, quantum software, privacy, and cybersecurity. He has published more than 300 papers on software architecture, blockchain, governance and responsible AI. He delivered the keynote “Software Engineering as the Linchpin of Responsible AI” at the International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE) 2023.

Prof. Jon Whittle is Director at CSIRO’s Data61, Australia’s national centre for R&D in data science and digital technologies. With around 850 staff and affiliates, Data61 is one of the largest collections of R&D expertise in Artificial Intelligence and Data Science in the world. Data61 partners with more than 200 industry and government organisations, more than 30 universities, and works across vertical sectors in manufacturing, health, agriculture, and the environment. Prior to joining Data61, Jon was Dean of the Faculty of Information Technology at Monash University.

Dr. Xiwei Xu is a principal research scientist and the group leader of the software systems research group at Data61, CSIRO. With a specialization in software architecture and system design, she is at the forefront of research in these fields. Xiwei is identified by the Bibliometric Assessment of Software Engineering Scholars and Institutions as a top scholar and ranked 4th in the world (2013–2020) as the most impactful SE researchers by JSS (Journal of Systems and Software), a well-recognized academic journal in software engineering research.


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