The Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61 is a multidisciplinary team of experts in advanced research and development of applied robotics and autonomous systems.
With over 80 people, the team is comprised of Research Scientists, Post-Doctoral Fellows, Engineers, PhD & Masters Students and Industrial Trainees, Honour Students and Vacation Scholars.
Our Past Staff and Alumni list can also be found here.
Fred leads the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. He has been primarily focussed on 3D SLAM related projects and activities since he joined CSIRO in 2009, and is currently responsible for SLAM strategy and product development in the Robotics Group. Fred received his first-class honours degree in Mechatronic Engineering from UQ in 2009, and was also awarded a bachelors degree in Computer Science from NTU (now CDU) in 2001.
Alberto is a Chief Research Scientist at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. He has a BEng in Electronics Engineering and an MSc in Computer Science from the Aeronautics Institute of Technology (ITA), Brazil, and a PhD in Electrical and Computer Engineering from Carnegie-Mellon University (CMU), USA, where he developed the Occupancy Grid framework for robot mapping and navigation.
Alberto has a distinguished research record, with over 150 publications in international journals and conferences,and has given over 350 invited and keynote talks in the USA, Europe, Japan, Australia and Brazil. Before joining CSIRO in 2011, he held a number of senior positions, including Director of the Brazilian Automation Institute and Principal Researcher at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Alberto has led projects in autonomous aerial, ocean and ground robots for Earth science missions and planetary exploration. His current research interests include 3D multi-modal perception, legged robots for extreme terrain, science rovers, and new robot concepts enabled by advances in materials science.
Alberto is recipient of the Mercator Professorship Award of the German Research Foundation (DFG) and several NASA awards. He is also an Honorary Professor at the School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Queensland.
Elliot is a Principal Research Consultant at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. His formal training is in computational physics and metallurgical engineering, but over his career he has been involved in many aspects of autonomous systems development, including: image processing, visualisation, navigation and embedded systems design.
Since 1999 his main focus has been in the area of field robotics and in particular the development of control and sensing systems that allow machines to operate autonomously outdoors in hostile and unstructured environments. This work has included the automation of large mining excavators, underground ore haulage vehicles and explosive loading machines.
For a number of years, he led the Robotic Perception team with interests in localisation and mobile mapping in GPS denied areas. More recently, he led the Autonomous Systems Program with interests in field robotics, sensor networks and cognitive systems. Today he oversees a number of emerging markets, including: Spatial Intelligence and the Industrial Internet.
Nicolas is a Senior Principal Research Scientist and the Technical Leader for the Robotics and Autonomous System Group at CSIRO Data61. Before joining CSIRO, Nicolas lead the [Google] X Robotics perception team, with a focus on applying machine learning to mobile manipulators. During his time at Google, he also worked for Boston Dynamics on whole body humanoid manipulation. Prior to Google, Nicolas was at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), where he lead/contributed to several US Department of Defense projects in mobile manipulation, including JPL’s winning DARPA ARM team, the DARPA Robotics Challenge, and technology development tasks for Mars Sample Return. This work culminated in Nicolas being awarded NASA’s Early Career Achievement Medal for contributions to robotic manipulation autonomy.
Paul Flick is a Senior Project Leader with the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. Paul is also the Boeing and Manufacturing Cluster leader which enables him to oversee the proposals and projects within this area for the Autonomous Systems. He has a Bachelor’s degree in Mechatronic Engineering (2001 USQ, Hons) and Joined CSIRO in 2005 after four years with CNC Manufacturer Advanced Robotics Technologies based in Brisbane. Paul is also the designer of CSIRO’s Zebedee 3D Mapping system which has won the 2013 Australian National IAward for Research and Development, 2013 ANSTO Eureka Prize for innovative Use of Technology, and the 2014 CSIRO Medal for Scientific Excellence. He designed the new ZebREVO and SurphSLAM 3D mapping systems. Paul is experienced in Robotics design and development, and with the integration of systems and sensors, in particular LiDAR and camera systems.
Cuc Tran, QCAT Site Coordinator – Cyber-Physical Systems, Data61
Paulo is a Principal Research Scientist, Project Manager and Leader of the Robotics Perception Team in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. His current research focuses on sensor-fusion, visual-lidar robot tracking and localisation, and autonomous vehicles. The topic of his Ph.D. (Queen Mary, University of London, 2007) was digital image/video processing, with strong focus on statistical signal processing methods. Paulo is also interested in general field robotics. He has been part of the CSIRO team since 2009. During this period, he also had a visiting scientist appointing at ETH Zurich, Switzerland, in 2012-13.
Dr Mark Cox is a senior experimental scientist at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group CSIRO Data61. His interests in computer vision and machine learning have allowed him to work on a wide range of projects spanning non-rigid face tracking, unsupervised registration of images and wearable technologies.
Peyman is a Technical Entrepreneur, Scientist and Project Leader at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group CSIRO Data61. Before joining CSIRO, he has worked in a number of top leading organizations such as the Deutsche Telekom Laboratories (Germany) and the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (Singapore). Dr. Moghadam is also an Adjunct Associate Professor at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) and Adjunct Fellow at the University of Queensland (UQ), Australia. In his recent role as the AgTech Cluster Leader at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61, he leads the transition of innovative technologies into farms. He was Lead of the CSIRO’s HeatWave product, a handheld technology for 3D thermal imaging which has won the 2014 Australian National iAward for Research and Development. His current research interests include 3D multi-modal perception (3D++), robotics, computer vision, machine learning, and 3D thermal/hyperspectral imaging.
Tirtha is a Research Scientist and Cluster leader for inspection robotics at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. He attained his PhD from National University of Singapore and did his Postdoctorate appointment at Singapore-MIT Alliance on autonomous Mobility-on-Demand systems. His main focus is in motion planning, design and control of non-conventional field robots in complex and cluttered 3-D environments. At RASG, he leads the research, industry and commercialisation projects on multi-limbed climbing robots, e.g Magneto. His activities also includes research in the use of modular multi-modal (wheels and legs) field robots for remote inspection and logistics in rough terrains.
Vu received his BInfTech degree from University of Engineering and Technology, (UET-VNU), Vietnam in 2003; MInfTech and PhD degrees from Griffith University, Australia in 2006 and 2012 respectively. From 2013 to 2016, he was an IT team leader at the SIAMA Pty Ltd, Australia. Since 2016, he has been working as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61 in Brisbane, Australia, where he was seconded to the Defence Science and Technology Group (DSTG) in Melbourne. His research topics include persistent autonomy, path planning, robot localisation, image processing, and pattern recognition.
Jason is a Senior Research Scientist in Robotic Perception, with research interests including sensor fusion, SLAM, multiple object tracking, sensor management and computer vision. He joined CSIRO in 2019 after working as a Senior Research Scientist in Defence Science and Technology Group (2007-2019) and as an Engineering Officer in the RAAF (1999-2007). He received BE(Electronics)(Hons) and BInfTech degrees from Queensland University of Technology in 1999, MSEE from the US Air Force Institute of Technology in 2003 and PhD from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 2007. He is also an Adjunct Associate Professor with Queensland University of Technology.
Tim Bailey is a Senior Research Engineer in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. He has experience in developing SLAM algorithms, and applying Bayesian methods to the estimation of nonlinear non-Gaussian systems.
As an Electronic Design Engineer at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group CSIRO Data61, Serge Lichman has broad prior experience in system design using microcontrollers and FPGAs, in VHDL programming and sensor interfacing. Lately his primary focus was on the production level software engineering, including requirements analysis, architectural design, development, testing, optimisation and maintenance of software products. He is familiar with modern tools and practices and actively uses them in software development. His research interests are in the area of computer vision, digital signal processing and control systems.
Tom’s background is in computer science, dynamics, graphics and software engineering. He has worked in 3D game development, physical character control and physics engine development. At the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61 Tom is responsible for the SLAM development work used for 3D lidar mapping, and also on developing new motion control algorithms for legged robots. Currently he is also combining my projects with a part-time phd in robot motion control, with a particular focus on soft, compliant actuation of robots.
Michael is an Engineer in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. Michael joined CSIRO in 2017 after graduating with bachelor’s degrees in electrical and computer engineering and computer science from the University of Queensland (UQ). Michael currently works on deep learning for robotic perception and industrial safety. He also completed his undergraduate thesis under Dr Navinda Kottege in 2016, studying acoustic perception for mobile robots.
Jacob is a Mechatronics Engineer in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. Jacob graduated with a bachelor’s degree (Hons) in Mechatronics Engineering from Griffith University in 2018. Since joining CSIRO in 2019 Jacob has been working on design and control of field robots. In 2018 Jacob completed his undergraduate thesis under Dr Tirthankar Bandyopadhyay, involving design and implementation of control systems for a magnetic climbing platform.
In 1992, Les started a degree at the Queensland University of Technology and also became the Queensland State Service Manager for Sanyo Australia, responsible for service and support in the Queensland and northern NSW region. In this role he managed Sanyo staff and over 300 contracted service centers. Mr Overs was also the youngest State Service Manager for Sanyo Australia at the time of his appointment.
Les received his First Class Honours Degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering in 1997 from the Queensland University of Technology. He joined CSIRO in 1999. In the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61, his primary task was the design of hardware systems for the laboratory’s many projects and activities. He is currently the engineering manager and a research team leader for the Brisbane laboratory and his team delivers the underpinning electrical, electronic, and mechanical and computer systems critical for all the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group projects (over 30 projects this year).
Les is also the DATA61 Location Leader for the Queensland Centre for Advanced Technologies Site (QCAT) and is responsible for location operations; representation and engagement and supporting health; safety & the environment for the site. He is the DATA61 representative for the QCAT Site Space and QCAT Site Management committees.
Stephen is a Senior Research Technician at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61 based in Brisbane and specialises in hardware development for the Group. He joined CSIRO in 2001 after many years working in private industry and as a business owner, is formally qualified as a fitter – machinist and electronics technician, holds a restricted electrical licence as well as several nationally accredited licences to operate high risk machinery. Stephen is broadly interested in applied mechatronics systems but focused on Printed Circuit Board design and is a registered CID+ senior PCB designer.
Brett is a Research Projects Officer at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. He received a double degree in Microelectronic Engineering and Information Technology with Honours from Griffith University in 2007. For his final year Industrial Traineeships he completed a project at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group on the development of an Autonomous Water Vehicle. Since joining CSIRO in 2007, Brett has worked on several Autonomous Robotic Systems including the development of the UAV system and Environmental Sensor Networks.
Ryan started working with Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61 in early 2013. He graduated in Mechatronics Engineering from Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in 2013. Ryan’s work at CSIRO heavily revolves around robotic system design with a focus on legged locomotion. Duties include operation of 3D printing laboratory for the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group, and engineering support for research projects spanning multiple disciplines within Data61.
Nicholas is a Mechatronic Engineer within the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61 in Brisbane. He graduated from Griffith University with a Bachelor’s degree in Mechatronic Engineering. Since joining CSIRO in 2017, Nick has been working on multiple projects involving 3D design, embedded systems, and computer vision.
John arrived in Perth WA from England 1974 and worked in the Western Australia mining industry for six years before moving to Queensland. He then spent 23 years in manufacturing maintenance industrial in the Brisbane area prior to joining CSIRO in 2004. Mr Whitham designs and manufactures, to a high degree of accuracy, the various Mechatronic Systems for the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61 using the in-house facilities. He provides the critical and novel electrical and mechanical infrastructure for the AS lab’s many projects. John manages the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group’s Mechatronics workshop on the Pullenvale site and is responsible for all of the specialised machinery and equipment.
Erin is a Mechatronics Engineer and Project Manager within the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. With a bachelor’s degree (hons) in Mechatronics Engineering (UQ, 2013), a Master’s of applied science (QUT, 2016) and Masters of Biofabrication (Uni Würzburg, 2017) plus experience in 3D vision for industry automation, Erin has broad technical knowledge spanning numerous technologies and fields. Through leveraging her knowledge and experience, Erin is also an accomplished multidisciplinary and technical communicator, often working at the intersection of technology, science and application.
Erin has also spent 10 years working in robotics STEM education and outreach through organisations like Robocup Jr, Robogals, CSIRO STEM professionals in schools and private initiatives. This work focuses on motivating young women to consider careers in engineering and technology.
James is a Mechatronic Engineer who graduated Griffith University in 2014. After graduating, he began work as a Design Engineer within the Industrial Automation and Robotics field. James commenced work with CSIRO in 2016 and he currently works as a Mechatronics Engineer in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61.
Katrina is an Electrical and Computer Engineer in the Advanced Mechatronics System Team at CSIRO Data61. Katrina graduated with an Electrical and Computer Engineering degree from the University of Queensland in 2018. Her key area of professional interest is embedded systems development, and she enjoys working in the intersection between hardware and firmware. Since joining CSIRO in 2018, she has been working on electrical systems for the DARPA Subterranean Challenge.
Mitchell is a Senior Mechanical Engineer at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. He joined CSIRO in 2019 coming from start-up environments developing production low cost autonomous electric vehicles and autonomous mine truck refuelling systems. His expertise is dynamic systems and mechanically efficient lightweight structures utilising traditional fabrication methods, composites and additive manufacturing. Mitchell has an extended major in Mechanical Engineering from University of Queensland.
Mark is a Mechatronics Technician at the Data61 Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group based in Brisbane. He provides technical support for the group’s projects through maintaining plant equipment, procurement of parts, assembly and problem solving. Mark joined CSIRO in 2019, with experience in manufacture of scientific and gas monitoring instruments; repair and maintenance of scientific equipment; and audio-visual operations, installation, repairs, sales and customer service. He has TAFE qualifications in electronics, and holds a restricted electrical work licence.
Kazys is a Software Engineer in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. He has over 18 years of experience and holds a bachelor degree in Computer Engineering specialising in software engineering from the University of Canberra. Kazys’ experience covers a wide range of software engineering disciplines including 3D graphics and simulation, artificial intelligence and physics simulation. Kazys specialises in software architectures, multi-threaded programming including GPU programming, debugging and optimisation. Kazys has spent the last number of years working with CSIRO SLAM technologies processing point cloud data and trajectories
Sisi is a Software Engineer at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. She received her PhD in Information Sciences from Victoria University in Melbourne in 2017 where she used structure-based models to analyze diffusion MRI data with the aim to help disease diagnosis. Before joining CSIRO, she has worked in a number of orgranizations such as IBM Australian Reseach Lab (Australia), Aquaforest Ltd (UK), and Wintone Ltd (China). She has extensive experience in the visualization and processing of medical image data. Her research interests are image processing, machine learning, and software engineering. She currently conducts research in computer vision.
Dennis is a senior software engineer and project manager and has been working on robotics and automation projects since 2008 with an emphasis on unmanned aircraft. As a software engineer Dennis has significant experience developing embedded software as well as user interface applications. As a project manager at CSIRO he has managed collaborative research projects for unmanned aircraft. Since 2009 Dennis has been the Head Marshall for the UAV Challenge, an international competition for high school students and unmanned aircraft enthusiasts. Dennis has prior experience as a consulting engineer and project leader developing industrial and consumer products.
Dylan is a Software Engineer in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. Dylan joined CSIRO in 2019 after graduating with a bachelor’s degree in Interactive Design from the University of Canberra. He completed and published his undergraduate thesis under Dr Reza Ryan in 2018, studying the use of genetic algorithms to procedurally generate quality content for video games.
Matt is a Software Engineer in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. He graduated from Queensland University of Technology in 2017 with a bachelor’s degree in Mechatronics Engineering. He joined Data61 as a software engineer in 2018 in the robotics and autonomous systems. He is involved in the Darpa Sub-T challenge where he works to utilise robotic perception techniques and machine learning with platform specific hardware.
Thomas is a Software Engineer in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. In 2016 he received a Bachelor of Mechatronic Engineering from the University of Queensland. Since joining CSIRO in 2019, he has been working on support for users of CSIRO’s SLAM software and various DevOps related tasks.
Navinda is a Senior Research Scientist and Project Leader with the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. He received his PhD in Engineering from The Australian National University in 2009 where he was a member of the Serafina project which developed swarming technology for autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). He initiated legged robotics research at CSIRO in 2011 which by now has built up in to a world-leading R&D capability.
He currently conducts research in perception, control and locomotion for multi-legged robots, with a focus on low-level proprioceptive sensing and control. He has also led multiple projects for industry clients, developing collision awareness systems and personnel detection and tracking solutions for industrial environments. His fields of interest include Experimental Robotics, Acoustic Perception, Bioacoustics and Sensor Networks. He holds adjunct positions at at the University of Queensland and the Queensland University of Technology. He is a Senior Member of the IEEE and Vice-chair of the joint IEEE Control Systems and Robotics and Automation Societies’ Queensland Chapter.
Adrian has been involved for over 26 years in delivering innovative automation solutions to mining, farming and manufacturing operations. Applications covered a wide range, from rigid and flexible manufacturing lines in his early years, to operator assist, semi-autonomous and autonomous systems for heavy mobile equipment in agriculture and mining in the later years of his career.
David is a Research Scientist in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61 with focus on evolutionary field robotics. David current field of research includes investigating the application of evolutionary algorithms and reinforcement learning to UAVs, focusing on multi-rotor UAV development. He is interested in long-term autonomy and task-based robotic design, and has a background in learning classifier systems, neuro-evolutionary algorithms, and the design of hardware neural networks.
Fletcher is a Research Engineer in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61 and specialises in control software for multi-legged robots. He joined CSIRO in 2014 after a completing his Bachelor Degree (Hons) in Mechatronics at the University of Queensland. Fletcher is the lead developer of the software stack for the high-level control of CSIRO multi-legged robots including the Multi-legged Autonomous eXplorer (MAX). Outside of legged robotic locomotion his research interests include computer vision, HMI, robot navigation and evolutionary algorithms for robot morphology design.
Edwin is an Engineer in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. In 2018 he completed his PhD at the University of Queensland on “Aerodynamic force interactions and measurements for micro quadrotors”. He studied Engineering at the Australian National University and graduated with a Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) in 2012. Edwin is currently working on terrain traversability analysis and local navigation for the DARPA SubT Challenge. He has a strong interest in unmanned aerial vehicles and commercialisation of robotic systems.
Brendan is an Engineer in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. He is also a PhD researcher at the Australian Centre for Robotic Vision at QUT, joining CSIRO in 2018 under the guidance of supervisor Dr Nick Hudson. He graduated from QUT with a bachelor’s degree in Mechatronics in 2017, and is currently researching reinforcement learning with perception for legged robots. As part of his role at CSIRO, Brendan has been assisting with robot testing for the DARPA Subterranean challenge, with duties that include operation and deployment of the multi agent solution under test conditions.
Emili is a Senior Research Scientist and Leader of the Dependable Long-Term Autonomy Team in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. His current research focuses on navigation software architectures with mission layer applied to autonomous ground, legged and underwater robotic platforms. During his postdoctoral time at CSIRO he worked on 3D multi-modal perception and science rovers. Before joining CSIRO in 2013, he was with the University of Girona as a postdoctoral researcher contributing to the design and development of a commercial 3D vision system for automated train component inspection. He previously obtained his Ph.D. in Computer Engineering at the same university focusing on navigation and path planning for autonomous underwater vehicles.
Pavan’s current focus is the Heatwave project and he works mainly on technology and software development for the project. In the past, he has been involved in the Large Hexapod project where he was responsible for developing the low-level drivers and frameworks for getting the robot ready for further development of higher-level functionality. Other projects in the past include event-driven mobile robot surveys, museum robot, sensor networks, and several large and early automation projects in the group. Pavan was the principal developer responsible for DDX, a framework that was use extensively for several large automation projects for over 10 years.
Torsten studied “Applied Computer Science in the Natural Sciences” at the University of Bielefeld (Germany) and graduated 1995 with the degree of “Diplom-Informatiker”. From 1995 to 2000, he was a research fellow at the Institute for Pattern Recognition at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg (Germany). In 2000, he completed a doctoral thesis on the topic of model-based analysis of interference patterns and received a doctorate in engineering (Dr.-Ing.) from the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg. From 2001 to 2005 he was with the Artificial Intelligence and Integrated Computer Systems Division of the Department of Computer and Information Science at Linköping University (Sweden).
In 2006, he joined Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61 as a senior research engineer where he has been leading the development of technologies enabling dependable autonomous flight of unmanned helicopters. His main research interest is dependable autonomy of robotic systems for both research and non-military real-world applications. Torsten holds a CASA UAV Controller Certificate, a GFA Glider Pilot Certificate (GPC), an EASA Sailplane Pilot Licence (SPL) with Touring Motor Glider (TMG) rating and is the Data61 Robotics RPA Chief Pilot.
Ashley received a PhD in Computer Science from the University of Queensland in 2003 on the topic of multi-robot coordination strategies. He undertook a post doctoral fellowship at the University of Southern California, conducting research into methods for stealthy robot navigation in outdoor environments. Since 2005, he has been a Research Scientist at Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. Ash has lead and contributed to several projects in autonomous systems, ground robots and sensor networks. The largest project entailed automating a 20 tonne Hot Metal Carrier forklift for material carrying duties. His current research interests are focused towards autonomous solutions for wild animal tracking in outdoor environments.
Arash is a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. He received the B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in 2008 and 2010 and the Ph.D. degree from the University of New South Wales in 2016 in Electrical Engineering. His research interests include Engineering and Mathematical Cybernetics. Currently, he is working on autonomous aerial robotic platforms.
Brendan is an Electrical Engineer in the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. Starting at CSIRO in 2016 as a vacation student, he graduated from the University of Queensland in 2017 with a Bachelor of Engineering. Brendan works with embedded systems, currently working on Vertebrate Pest Detection.
Desiree is an Avionics Engineer working with the unmanned helicopters at the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Group at CSIRO Data61. Desiree is originally from Sweden and has previously been working with electrical motors for aircraft here in Australia. She has a master’s degree in Aerospace Engineering and experience from working for some of the major aerospace companies in the world, such as NASA, OHB Group and SAAB. Desiree is currently taking part in the avionics upgrade on-board the helicopters as well as looking over the flight control system. The goal is to start flight tests before the end of June this year.