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Wheat yield forecasts for Australia and Western Australia

Not only can the Graincast™ app help grain growers forecast their crop yield and soil moisture in individual paddocks or at whole of farm level, the smarts behind the app also enable us to forecast grain production at the regional and even national scales. Our methodology is based on peer reviewed science and was successfully tested in 2017. Like the app, Graincast’s™ forecasting capability is an Australian first.


 

Graincast™ forecasting

Graincast’s™ key data comes from long term weather stations, soil characteristics, land use mapping and crop agronomy by using the cropping systems simulator APSIM® and statistical analysis of past annual yields data to forecast end of season wheat yields. Forecasts can be made any time from April to harvest and at any scale from paddock to shire to state to national.


Australia wide Graincast™ wheat yield forecast, 31 December 2018

Summary: Conditions in 2018 were well below average for the eastern states and South Australia and above average in Western Australia. The final forecast for the 2018 Australian wheat crop is 1.42 t/ha.

Australia’s national wheat yield Graincast™ forecasts
Long term average Median yield Chance of exceeding the long term average Median sowing date Median plant available soil water
1.74 t/ha 1.42 t/ha 0% 15 June 79 mm
Final wheat yield forecast
Australian 2018 wheat yield forecast_final

Each green band shows the Australia-wide wheat yield forecast at the fortnight indicated on the horizontal axis. They show the whole range of possible outcomes with the most probable indicated by the darkest green shading. The red line shows the expected median value for this year’s yield at the latest fortnight’s forecast. Compare the red line to the years 2006 (which was very low yielding), 2012 (had an average yield) and 2016 (a record yield).


  • Next forecast run: The next forecast will be for 2019. It is scheduled for Mid April.
  • Next forecast posted: 18 April 2019.

 

Western Australia Graincast™ wheat yield forecast, 31 December 2018

Summary: Expected WA wheat yields for 2018 are above average and well ahead of other states in Australia.

Western Australia’s wheat yield Graincast™ forecasts
Long term average Median yield Chance of exceeding the long term average Median sowing date Median plant available soil water
1.66 t/ha 1.68 t/ha 100% 8 June 60 mm

Figure of WA wheat yield forecast


  • Next forecast run: The next forecast will be for 2019. It is scheduled for Mid April.
  • Next forecast posted: 18 April 2019

Australian Wheat Yield Forecast Map, 18 November 2018

A map of median yield expectations for the coming harvest across the Australian Grain Zone.

Summary: The map shows the uneven distribution of yields in the Australian Grain Zone, with low yields expected in most of NSW and Queensland and parts of Victoria and SA against better than average expectations in parts of WA, Victoria and SA.

Aust yield map

  • Next forecast run: This is the final run for 2018 as a meaningful change is not possible.
  • Next forecast posted:  Early next year once the harvest is completed across the Australian grain zone.

 

What Graincast™ can’t do

It should be noted that:

  1. The forecasts are based on a mix of known conditions to the date of publication and the probable conditions to harvest based on the previous 30 years.
  2. Extreme events such as severe frosts, heat shocks, floods and hail storms can have significant local implications that are not included in the forecasts and may result in lower than forecast yields if they are more widespread than usual.
  3. The forecasts do not account for large scale outbreaks of pests or diseases which may also result in lower than forecast yields.

Your feedback

The Graincast™ team run wheat yield forecasts fortnightly during the growing season and we will post forecasts for Australia as a whole and for Western Australia on this page. We’d love to hear your feedback about the information and how we’re presenting it. Please email us on graincast@csiro.au to let us know what you think.