Anion Exchange Membrane Water Electrolysis for Green Hydrogen Production

February 21st, 2022

R&D Focus Areas:
Direct hydrogen carrier production, Electrolysis

Lead Organisation:
University of New South Wales (UNSW)

Not applicable


Start date:

Completion date:

Key contacts:
Professor Chuan Zhao:

AUD$550,000 – Australian Research Council (Discovery Project)

Project summary description:
Low-cost and robust water electrolysis technology is a cornerstone towards the success of the hydrogen economy. This project aims to develop next generation anion exchange membrane water electrolyser technologies for low-cost and high-efficiency clean hydrogen production and renewable energy storage. Novel non-precious transition metal-based catalysts with high intrinsic activity, large surface area and super-hydrophilic surfaces will be developed, and their mechanism and stability within membrane electrode assemblies understood by using operando spectroscopy, electrochemistry and 3D X-ray imaging characterisations. An efficient anion exchange membrane water electrolyser prototype made entirely of non-precious materials is to be devised.

Related publications and key links:
Zhao Group page:


[1] Zhao, S. Wang, Y. Li, C. Jia, Z. Su, D. Hao, B. Ni, Q. Zhang, C. Zhao, Heterostructured V‐Doped Ni2P/Ni12P5 Electrocatalysts for Hydrogen Evolution in Anion Exchange Membrane Water Electrolyzers, Small. (2022) 2204758.

[2] C. Rong, X. Shen, Y. Wang, L. Thomsen, T. Zhao, Y. Li, X. Lu, R. Amal, C. Zhao, Electronic Structure Engineering of Single‐Atom Ru Sites via Co–N4 Sites for Bifunctional pH‐Universal Water Splitting, Adv. Mater. (2022) 2110103.

[3] E. Quattrocchi, B. Py, A. Maradesa, Q. Meyer, C. Zhao, F. Ciucci, Deconvolution of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy data using the deep-neural-network-enhanced distribution of relaxation times, Electrochim. Acta. 439 (2023) 141499.

[4] Y. Xia, Y. Cheng, R. Wang, Z. Meng, Q. Meyer, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, R. Luo, Y. Li, H. Tang, Porous nanosheet composite with multi-type active centers as an efficient and stable oxygen electrocatalyst in alkaline and acid conditions, Sci. China Mater. (2022) 1–10.

[5] Y. Xiao, K. Dastafkan, Y. Li, T. Zhao, Z. Su, H. Qi, C. Zhao, Oxygen Corrosion Engineering of Nonprecious Ternary Metal Hydroxides toward Oxygen Evolution Reaction, ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 10 (2022) 8597–8604.

[6] Q. Meyer, S. Liu, Y. Li, C. Zhao, Operando detection of oxygen reduction reaction kinetics of Fe–N–C catalysts in proton exchange membrane fuel cells, J. Power Sources. 533 (2022) 231058.

[7] S. Wang, X. Liu, X. Chen, K. Dastafkan, Z.-H. Fu, X. Tan, Q. Zhang, C. Zhao, Super-exchange effect induced by early 3d metal doping on NiFe2O4 (0 0 1) surface for oxygen evolution reaction, J. Energy Chem. 78 (2023) 21–29.

[8] Q. Meyer, S. Liu, K. Ching, Y. Da Wang, C. Zhao, Operando monitoring of the evolution of triple-phase boundaries in proton exchange membrane fuel cells, J. Power Sources. 557 (2023) 232539.

[9] Y. Da Wang, Q. Meyer, K. Tang, J.E. McClure, R.T. White, S.T. Kelly, M.M. Crawford, F. Iacoviello, D.J.L. Brett, P.R. Shearing, Large-scale physically accurate modelling of real proton exchange membrane fuel cell with deep learning, Nat. Commun. 14 (2023) 745.

[10] Y. Wang, H. Arandiyan, S.S. Mofarah, X. Shen, S. Bartlett, P. Koshy, C. Sorrell, H. Sun, C. Pozo-Gonzalo, K. Dastafkan, Stacking Faults Defect-Rich MoNi Alloy for Ultrahigh-Performance Hydrogen Evolution, (2023).

[11] K. Dastafkan, X. Shen, R.K. Hocking, Q. Meyer, C. Zhao, Monometallic interphasic synergy via nano-hetero-interfacing for hydrogen evolution in alkaline electrolytes, Nat. Commun. 14 (2023) 547.

[12] M. Fan, Z. Tao, Q. Zhao, J. Li, G. Liu, C. Zhao, Molecular Copper Phthalocyanine and FeOOH Modified BiVO4 Photoanodes for Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Water Oxidation, Adv. Mater. Technol. (2023) 2201835.

[13] J. Müller‐Hülstede, L.M. Uhlig, H. Schmies, D. Schonvogel, Q. Meyer, Y. Nie, C. Zhao, J. Vidakovic, P. Wagner, Towards the Reduction of Pt Loading in High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells–Effect of Fe− N− C in Pt‐Alloy Cathodes, ChemSusChem. (2022) e202202046.

Higher degree studies supported:
One Postdoctoral, one PhD student are to be supported by this project.


Reviewed: April 2023