Standards mapping

In collaboration with Standards Australia, we have mapped existing standards that pertain to plastic in the circular economy.

We conducted a desktop study to find the standards using publicly available data sources such as ISO.org, IEC website, and Standards Australia databases, and mapped these standards on a circular economy diagram. The diagram highlights where standards exist within a plastics circular economy framework, and will help identify opportunities to develop and implement additional standards.

We included technical reports and international, regional, and national standards in the mapping. We did not include material specifications, however, these could form part of a future iteration of the standards map. 

For more details on the methods or key findings, see our journal article “Standards as a tool for reducing plastic waste.”

 

Standards Map which depicts standards for different stages in the circular economy - feedstock, design, manufacturing, consumer use, reuse, recycling.
Plastics standards and the Circular Economy: International and domestic plastic standards are laid out on a circular economy diagram. There are 11 overarching standards that apply to the entire circular economy, and an additional 84 that fit in categories within the circular economy. The inner ring categories are feedstock, design, manufacturing, consumer use, reuse, and finally recycling. Each category has subcategories, like spokes on a wheel. There is a third layer, including packaging, electrical/electronic, office equipment, energy related, baling, advanced recovery, contamination, polymers, and bioplastic. Each standard is represented by a black dot for an international standard, and a white dot for Australian standards.

 

Key findings

  • We identified 95 standards including nine Australian StandardsTM. Of those, four were originally implemented internationally, and have been adopted for use in Australia. It highlights a great opportunity for Australian experts to get involved in the national and international standards development process

  • Most standards fall within the broad categories of recycling (total of 31) or recovery (total of 34). Recovery encompasses mostly standards around biodegradability, with a few standards on waste to energy. There are 11 overarching standards, which apply to the entire circular economy, and do not fit into a specific category
  • Very few standards pertain to the higher levels of the waste hierarchy e.g. design or feedstock/raw materials
Waste hierarchy showing the principles of avoid, substitute, recycle, dispose,in order of preference.

Waste hierarchy – a process aimed at ensuring efficient use of resources where order of priority is to avoid, substitute, recycle, dispose (source: https://zwia.org/zwh/).

Future directions

This approach provides a foundation for the selection and development of future standards that drive higher levels of the waste hierarchy. Moving forward, we would like to continue to adapt and enhance this tool to meet the needs of our partners. This might include expanding the scope to include relevant items such as specifications, reports, or legislation.

Applications

  • Reference for the development of circular economy action plans and industry roadmaps
  • One stop shop to find domestic and international standards relevant to plastics circularity
  • Identifying gaps and opportunities for Australian leadership in the development of plastics standards

 

To submit a proposal to develop, revise, or amend an Australian Standard or to participate in the standards development process, contact the Stakeholder Engagement team on SEM@standards.org.au or visit Standards Australia.

Plastic Standards for a Circular Economy

Below are the 95 standards that we found pertaining to plastics and the circular economy (as of July 2022). These standards can be filtered by Category, Subcategory, and Materials/process, which refer to the diagram above.

Image KEy

 

CategorySubcategoryMaterials/
Process
NumberTitleDetailsSecondary categoriesStandard/
technical report
Country of originClosely related standard in other region
OverviewStandardsISO 17422:2018Plastics — Environmental aspects — General guidelines for their inclusion in standardsProvides a structure for inclusion of environmental aspects in standards for plastics productsStandardInternational
OverviewISO 15270:2008ISO 15270:2008 Plastics — Guidelines for the recovery and recycling of plastics wasteThe guidelines presents methodologies and processes for the management of plastics waste.RecyclingStandardInternational
OverviewStandardsPackagingISO 18601:2013Packaging and the environment — General requirements for the use of ISO standards in the field of packaging and the environmentSpecifies requirements and procedures for the other International Standards in this series on packaging and the environment: ISO 18602 - 18606.StandardInternational
OverviewTerminologyPackagingISO 21067-2:2015Packaging — Vocabulary — Part 2: Packaging and the environment termsDefines terms used in the field of packaging and the environmentStandardInternational
OverviewTerminologyISO 472:2013Plastics - VocabularyDefines terms used in the plastics industry including terms and definitions appearing in plastics standards (of ISO/TC 61) and general terms and definitions of polymer science used in all aspects of plastics technologyStandardInternational
OverviewTerminologyAS/NZS 3831:1998Waste management - Glossary of termsThe definitions are aimed at generic waste rather than specific product groups in order to be suitable to various industries and institutions as well as households.Australian
OverviewTerminologyASTM D883 - 20BStandard terminology relating to plasticThis terminology covers definitions of technical terms used in the plastics industryStandardInternational
OverviewTerminologyASTM D1600-18Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to PlasticsSpecifies uniform contractions of terms relating to plasticsStandardInternationalISO 1043 parts 1-4
OverviewTerminologyISO 1043 parts 1-4Plastics — Symbols and abbreviated termsDefines abbreviated terms for the basic polymers used in plastics; symbols for components of these terms; and symbols for special characteristics of plasticsStandardInternationalASTM D1600-18
OverviewData/testingBSI 8001Framework for implementing the principles of the circular economy in organisationsThis standard is intended to help organizations and individuals consider and implement more circular and sustainable practices within their businessesStandardBritish
OverviewData/testingISO/TR 21960:2020Plastics — Environmental aspects — State of knowledge and methodologiesSummarizes current scientific literature on the occurrence of macroplastics and microplastics in the environment and biotaStandardInternational
FeedstockOverviewBioplasticsISO 22526-1:2020Carbon and environmental footprint of biobased plasticsSpecifies the general principles and the system boundaries for the carbon and environmental footprint of biobased plastic productsStandardInternational
FeedstockData/ testingBioplasticsISO 16620- parts 1 and 2:2015Plastics — Biobased content — Part 1: General principles. Part 2: Determination of biobased carbon contentSpecifies the general principles and the calculation methods for determining the amount of biobased content in plastic productsStandardInternationalƒ
DesignOverviewISO 14006:2020Environmental management systems - Guidelines for incorporating ecodesignGuidelines for assisting organizations in management of ecodesign as part of an environmental management system (EMS).StandardInternational
DesignMaterialsElectrical/ ElectronicIEC TR 62824:2016Guidance on material efficiency considerations in environmentally conscious design of electrical and electronic productsProvides information on selection and efficient use of materials in electrical and electronic productsTechnical reportInternational
DesignMaterialsPackagingISO 18602:2013Packaging and the environment — Optimization of the packaging systemSpecifies requirements and a procedure for assessment of packaging to ensure that the weight or volume of its material content is optimized consistent with the functions of packaging. This is one of several options for reducing the impact of packaging on the environment.StandardInternational
DesignData/ testingPackagingCEN EN 13428:2004:Requirements specific to manufacturing and composition - Prevention by source reductionThis European Standard specifies a procedure for assessment of packaging to ensure that the weight and/or volume of its material content is at the minimum commensurate with the maintenance of : -functionality throughout the supply and user chain ;-safety and hygiene for both product and user/consumer ;-acceptability of the packed product to the user/consumer.StandardEuropean
ManufactureData/ testingAS ISO/ASTM 52903.1:2021Additive manufacturing - Material extrusion-based additive manufacturing of plastic materials Part 1: Feedstock materialsDescribes a method for defining requirements for plastic materials used in extrusion-based additive manufacturing (AM) processesStandardAustralian adopted
ManufactureData/ testingISO 11469:2016Plastics — Generic identification and marking of plastics productsHow to label plasticsStandardInternational
ManufactureData/ testingPackagingAS ISO 16103-2007Transport packaging for dangerous goods - Recycled plastics materialAdopts ISO 16103:2005 as an Australian Standard. Specifies requirements and test methods for recycled plastics materials to be used as transport packagings for dangerous goodsStandardAustralian adopted
ManufactureData/ testingIEC TR 62635:2012Guidelines for end-of-life information provided by manufacturers and recyclers and for recyclability rate calculation of electrical and electronic equipmentProvides a methodology for information exchange involving EEE manufacturers and recyclers and for calculating the recyclability and recoverability ratesTechnical reportInternational
ManufactureData/ testingPackagingISO/TR 18568:2021Packaging and the environment — Marking for material identificationShows some examples of markings (words; numbers or symbols) for the identification of packaging materialsTechnical reportInternational
Consumer UseData/ testingAS 14021:2018 Environmental labels and declarations - Self-declared environmental claims (Type II environmental labelling) (ISO 14021:2016 MOD)Adopts ISO 14021:2016. Specifies requirements for self-declared environmental claims. Describes selected terms commonly used in environmental claims and gives qualifications for their use.StandardAustralian adopted
ReuseMaterialsPackagingISO 18603:2013Packaging and the environment - ReuseSpecifies the requirements for a packaging to be classified as reusable and sets out procedures for assessment of meeting the requirementsDesignStandardInternational
ReuseMaterialsElectrical/ ElectronicAS/NZS 5377-2021Management of electrical and electronic equipment for re-use or recyclingSets out principles and minimum requirements for the safe and environmentally sound collection and storage; transport; preparation for re-use and treatment of electrical and electronic equipmentStandardAustralian
ReuseMaterialsElectrical/ ElectronicAS/NZS 4701:2000Requirements for domestic electrical appliances and equipment for reconditioning or parts recyclingSets out general requirements applying to used domestic appliances intended for sale for reconditioning (reuse) or salvaging of parts only (recycling)StandardAustralian
ReuseMaterialsIEC 63077:2019Good refurbishment practices for medical imaging equipmentdescribes and defines the process of refurbishment of used medical imaging equipmentStandardInternational
ReuseMaterialsOffice equipISO/IEC 24700:2005Quality and performance of office equipment that contains reused componentsSpecifies product characteristics for use in an original equipment manufacturer's or authorized third party's declaration of conformity to demonstrate that a marketed product that contains reused components performs equivalent to newStandardInternational
ReuseData/testingEnergy-relatedEN 45556:2019 (and other 4555X standards)General method for assessing the proportion of reused components in energy-related productsAllows manufacturers to compare circular features in products across different brands.StandardEuropean
RecyclingOverviewISO/TR 23891:2020Plastics - Recycling and recovery - Necessity of standardsBrief overview of the current (2019) situation in plastic recycling systems; relevant existing standards and short description of different recycling techniques.Technical reportInternational
RecyclingOverviewCEN/TR 15353Plastics — Recycled plastics — Guidelines for the development of standards for recycled plasticsPresents a format for the drafting of standards for recycled plasticsStandardEuropean
RecyclingData/ testingPackagingEN 13440:2003Packaging – Rate of recycling – Definition and method of calculationStandardEuropean
RecyclingData/ testingUL 2809 Environmental Claim Validation Procedure for Recycled ContentUsed to evaluate and validate defined source material content claimsStandardInternational
RecyclingData/ testingSCS Global Services Recycled Content Standard V7.0Third-party substantiation of recycled content claims – Qualifying and quantifying materialsStandardInternational
RecyclingData/ testingEN 15343Plastics — Recycled plastics — Plastics recycling traceability and assessment of conformity and recycled contentDefines the procedures needed for the traceability of recycled plastics. This gives the basis for the calculation procedure for the recycled content of a product.StandardEuropean
RecyclingData/ testingEN 15347Plastics — Recycled plastics — Characterisation of plastics wastesProvides a scheme for the characterisation of plastics wastes and identifying test methods where applicable.StandardEuropean
RecyclingData/ testingCEN/TS 16010Plastics — Recycled plastics — Sampling procedures for testing plastics waste and recyclatesSpecifies a system for sampling procedures for testing plastics waste and recyclates which take into account the specifics of the plastics waste and recyclatesStandardEuropean
RecyclingData/ testingCEN/TS 16011Plastics. Recycled plastics. Sample preparationDefines the preparation of samples of recycled plastics prior to testing and takes account of the specifics of the material.StandardEuropean
RecyclingCollection/ distributionBalingAS/NZS 4024.3702:2021Safety of machinery Part 3702: Machines for compacting waste materials or recyclable fractions - Horizontal baling presses - Safety requirementsAdopts EN 16252:2012 which specifies the safety requirements for the design manufacture and information for safe use of horizontal baling presses for compacting waste material or recyclable fractionsStandardAustralian adopted
RecyclingFacility/ processEN 13437Packaging and material recycling — Criteria for recycling methods — Description of recycling processes and flow chartThis European Standard defines the criteria for a recycling process and describes the principal existing processes for material recycling and their inter-relationship. Both packaging and recovery technologies are subject to continuing and rapid development.his European Standard describes the present stage of knowledge but may be subject to modifications in the light of new developments. The essential relationship between this and the five mandated European Packaging Standards and one (mandated)CEN Report is specified in EN 13427StandardEuropean
RecyclingFacility/ processAdvanced RecyclingISO/TR 16218:2013Packaging and the environment — Processes for chemical recoveryCovers used packaging although the processes described are not specific for used packaging and can be used for recovery of other materials of same type.Technical reportInternational
RecyclingFacility/ processContaminationISO/TR 17098:2013Packaging material recycling — Report on substances and materials which may impede recyclingProvides a non-exhaustive overview of substances and materials that can cause a sustained impediment to recycling activities and is intended to assist in the assessment requirements set out in ISO 18604.Technical reportInternational
RecyclingFacility/ processContaminationASTM D5577 - 19Standard Guide for Techniques to Separate and Identify Contaminants in Recycled Plasticslists existing ASTM and ISO methods plus currently practiced industrial techniques for identification and classification of contaminants in recycled plastics flake or pellets.StandardInternational
RecyclingFacility/ processContaminationCEN/TR 13688Packaging - Material recycling - Report on requirements for substances and materials to prevent a sustained impediment to recyclingProvides some examples of substances and materials that may cause a sustained impediment in the recycling activities and is intended to assist in the assessment requirements set out in the standard EN 13430.Technical reportEuropean
RecyclingFacility/ processASTM D6288-17Standard Practice for Separation and Washing of Recycled Plastics Prior to TestingDescribes a procedure for separating recycled plastics based on their color and a procedure for washing dirty ground plasticStandardInternational
RecyclingFacility/ processContaminationASTM D5814-18Standard Practice for Determination of Contamination in RecycledPoly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) Flakes and Chips Using a Plaque TestCovers an indication of the quality of recycled transparent poly(ethylene terephthalate) by examination of a wafer or plaque formed by melting a representative sample and quenching it to prevent crystallization.StandardInternational
RecyclingFacility/ processContaminationASTM D5991-17Standard Practice for Separation and Identification of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Contamination in Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) FlakeCovers four procedures for separation and qualitative identification of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) contamination in poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) flakes.StandardInternational
RecyclingFacility/ processContaminationASTM D6265-17Standard Practice for Separation of Contaminants in Polymers Using anExtruder Filter TestCovers a means to separate the unmolten particles gels and impurities contaminating a polymer sampleStandardInternational
RecyclingMaterialsPackagingISO 18604:2013Packaging and the environment - Material recyclingSpecifies the requirements for packaging to be classified as recoverable in the form of material recycling while accommodating the continuing development of both packaging and recovery technologiesDesign ManufactureStandardInternational
RecyclingMaterialsElectrical/ ElectronicVDI 2343 BLATT 1Recycling of electrical and electronic products – Principles and terminologyGuideline defines pertinent terms for used electrical and electronic equipmentStandardGerman
RecyclingMaterialsPEASTM D 5491 : 2008 : R2014ASTM D 5491 Standard Classification for Recycled Post-Consumer Polyethylene Film Sources for Moulding and Extrusion MaterialsIdentifies sources of PE film. The separation by sources also improves the usefulness of the materialStandardInternational
RecyclingMaterialsPEEN 15344Plastics — Recycled plastics — Characterisation of polyethylene (PE) recyclatesDefines a method of specifying delivery conditions for polyethylene (PE) recyclates.StandardEuropean
RecyclingMaterialsPE, PPISO 18263-1:2015 and 2:2015ƒEstablishes a system which can be used as the basis for specifications for mixtures of polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PE) recyclate.StandardInternational
RecyclingMaterialsPETEN 15348Plastics — Recycled plastics — Characterization of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) recyclatesDescribes a method of specifying delivery conditions for poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) recyclatesStandardEuropean
RecyclingMaterialsPETISO 12418-1:2012Plastics -- Post-consumer poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) bottle recyclatesEstablishes a designation system for post-consumer poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) bottle recyclates which may be used as the basis for specifications.StandardInternational
RecyclingMaterialsPETISO 13636:2012Plastics — Film and sheeting — Non-oriented poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) sheetsSpecifies the requirements and test methods for non-oriented polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or copolymer sheets made from virgin PET resin or recycled PET resinStandardInternational
RecyclingMaterialsPPEN 15345Plastics — Recycled plastics — Characterisation of polypropylene (PP) recyclatesDescribes a method of specifying delivery conditions for Polypropylene (PP) recyclates.StandardEuropean
RecyclingMaterialsPSEN 15342Plastics — Recycled plastics — Characterization of polystyrene (PS) recyclatesDefines a method of specifying delivery condition characteristics for polystyrene (PS) recyclates.StandardEuropean
RecyclingMaterialsPVCEN 15346Plastics — Recycled plastics — Characterisation of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) recyclatesThis European Standard defines a method of specifying delivery conditions for poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) recyclates.StandardEuropean
RecyclingMaterialsISO 20819-1:2020Plastics — Wood-plastic recycled composites (WPRC)Specifies the types and proportions of raw materials to be used for wood-plastic recycled compositesStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 17088:2021Plastics - Organic recycling - Specifications for compostable plasticsspecifies procedures and requirements for plastics and products made from plastics that are suitable for recovery through organic recycling.Design ManufactureStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostablePackagingISO 18606:2013Packaging and the environment — Organic recyclingSpecifies procedures and requirements for packaging that are suitable for organic recyclingDesign ManufactureStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableEN 13432Packaging — Requirements for packaging recoverable through composting and biodegradation — Test scheme and evaluation criteria for the final acceptance of packagingSpecifies a procedure for assessment of packaging to ensure that the weight and/or volume of its material content is at the minimum commensurate with the maintenance of functionality throughout the supply and user chain; safety and hygiene for both product and user/consumer; acceptability of the packed product to the user/consumer.StandardEuropeanASTM D 6400 AS 4736
RecoveryCompostableASTM D 6400Standard Specification for Compostable PlasticsCovers plastics and products made from plastics that are designed to be composted in municipal and industrial aerobic composting facilitiesStandardInternationalEN 13432 AS 4736
RecoveryCompostableAS 4736Industrial CompostingSpecifies requirements and procedures to determine the compostability or anaerobic biodegradation of plastics by addressing biodegradability and disintegration during biological treatment; effect on the biological treatment process and effect on the quality of the resulting compostStandardAustralianASTM D 6400 EN 13432
RecoveryCompostableASTM D 6868Standard Specification for Biodegradable Plastics Used as Coatings on Paper and Other Compostable SubstratesEstablishes the requirements for labelling of materials and products (including packaging) wherein a biodegradable plastic film or coating is attached to compostable substrates and the entire product or package is designed to be composted in municipal and industrial aerobic composting facilitiesStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableAS 5810Home CompostabilitySpecifies requirements and procedures to determine whether a plastic material is biodegradable in home composting conditions and provides the basis to allow labelling of materials or products made from plastics as home compostable for use in home composting systems.StandardAustralianFrance 51-800
RecoveryCompostableFrance 51-800Specifications for plastics suitable for home compostingStandardFrenchAS 5810
RecoveryCompostableBSI PAS 9017Biodegradation of polyolefins in an open-air terrestrial environmentTesting plastic to prove it can break down into a harmless wax in the open air.StandardBritish
RecoveryCompostableISO 10210:2012Methods for the preparation of samples for biodegradation testing of plastic materialsDescribes methods for the preparation of test samples used in the determination of the ultimate aerobic and anaerobic biodegradability of plastic materials in an aqueous medium; soil; controlled compost or anaerobic digesting sludgeData/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 13975:2019Determination of the ultimate anaerobic biodegradation of plastic materials in controlled slurry digestion systems — Method by measurement of biogas productionThis document specifies a method of evaluating the ultimate anaerobic biodegradability of plastic materials in a controlled anaerobic slurry digestion systemData/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 14851:2019Determination of the ultimate aerobic biodegradability of plastic materials in an aqueous medium - Method by measuring the oxygen demand in a closed respiromteterSpecifies a method by measuring the oxygen demand in a closed respirometer for the determination of the degree of aerobic biodegradability of plastic materials including those containing formulation additives.Data/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 14852:2021Determination of the ultimate aerobic biodegradability of plastic materials in an aqueous medium - Method by analysis of evolved carbon dioxideSpecifies a method by measuring the amount of carbon dioxide evolved for the determination of the degree of aerobic biodegradability of plastic materials including those containing formulation additivesData/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 14853:2016Determination of the ultimate anaerobic biodegradation of plastic materials in an aqueous system — Method by measurement of biogas productionSpecifies a method for the determination of the ultimate anaerobic biodegradability of plastics by anaerobic microorganismsData/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 14855:2012 Parts 1 and 2Determination of the ultimate aerobic biodegradability of plastic materials under controlled composting conditions — Method by analysis of evolved carbon dioxideSpecifies a method for the determination of the ultimate aerobic biodegradability of plastics based on organic compounds under controlled composting conditions by measurement of the amount of carbon dioxide evolved and the degree of disintegration of the plastic at the end of the testData/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 15985:2014Determination of the ultimate anaerobic biodegradation under high-solids anaerobic-digestion conditions — Method by analysis of released biogasSpecifies a method for the evaluation of the ultimate anaerobic biodegradability of plastics based on organic compounds under high-solids anaerobic-digestion conditions by measurement of evolved biogas at the end of the testData/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 16929:2019Determination of the degree of disintegration of plastic materials under defined composting conditions in a pilot-scale testDefines a test method used to determine the degree of disintegration of plastic materials in a pilot-scale aerobic composting test under defined conditionsData/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 17556:2019Determination of the ultimate aerobic biodegradability of plastic materials in soil by measuring the oxygen demand in a respirometer or the amount of carbon dioxide evolvedSpecifies a method for determining the ultimate aerobic biodegradability of plastic materials in soil by measuring the oxygen demand in a closed respirometer or the amount of carbon dioxide evolved. The method is designed to yield an optimum degree of biodegradation by adjusting the humidity of the test soil.Data/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 18830:2016Determination of aerobic biodegradation of non-floating plastic materials in a seawater/sandy sediment interface — Method by measuring the oxygen demand in closed respirometerSpecifies a test method to determine the degree and rate of aerobic biodegradation of plastic materials when settled on marine sandy sediment at the interface between seawater and the seafloor by measuring the oxygen demand in a closed respirometer.Data/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 19679:2020Determination of aerobic biodegradation of non-floating plastic materials in a seawater/sediment interface - Method by analysis of evolved carbon dioxideSpecifies a test method to determine the degree and rate of aerobic biodegradation of plastic materials when settled on marine sandy sediment at the interface between seawater and the seafloor by measuring the evolved carbon dioxide (CO2)Data/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 22404:2019Determination of the aerobic biodegradation of nonfloating materials exposed to marine sediment — Method by analysis of evolved carbon dioxideSpecifies a laboratory test method to determine the degree and rate of aerobic biodegradation level of plastic materialsData/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 846:1997Evaluation of the action of microorganismsThis document specifies a method for determining the ultimate aerobic biodegradability of plastic materials under controlled composting conditions by gravimetric measurement of the amount of carbon dioxide evolvedData/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableISO 20200:2015Determination of the degree of disintegration of plastic materials under simulated composting conditions in a laboratoryscale testSpecifies a method of determining the degree of disintegration of plastic materials when exposed to a laboratory-scale composting environmentData/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableMulch filmISO 23517:2021Soil biodegradable materials for mulch films for use in agriculture and horticulture — Requirements and test methods regarding biodegradation ecotoxicity and control of constituentsThis document is applicable to biodegradable plastic materials used to produce mulch films or biodegradable mulch films ready to be used for mulch applications in agriculture and horticulture.Design ManufactureStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableASTM D6954-18Standard Guide for Exposing and Testing Plastics that Degrade in the Environment by a Combination of Oxidation and BiodegradationProvides a framework or road map to compare and rank the controlled laboratory rates of degradation and degree of physical property losses of polymers by thermal and photooxidation processes as well as the biodegradation and ecological impacts in defined applications and disposal environments after degradationData/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableASTM D6691-17Standard Test Method for Determining Aerobic Biodegradation of Plastic Materials in the Marine Environment by a Defined Microbial Consortium or Natural Sea Water InoculumThis test method is used to determine the degree and rate of aerobic biodegradation of plastic materials (including formulation additives) exposed to pre-grown population of at least ten aerobic marine microorganisms of known genera or the indigenous population existing in natural seawaterData/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableASTM D-5929-18Standard Test Method for Determining Biodegradability of Materials Exposed to Source-Separated Organic Municipal Solid Waste Mesophilic Composting Conditions by RespirometryThis test method covers the biodegradation properties of a material by reproducibly exposing materials to conditions typical of source-separated organic municipal solid waste (MSW) composting.Data/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableASTM D5526-18Standard Test Method for Determining Anaerobic Biodegradation of Plastic Materials Under Accelerated Landfill ConditionsThis test method covers determination of the degree and rate of anaerobic biodegradation of plastic materials in an accelerated-landfill test environment.Data/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableASTM D7475-11Standard Test Method for Determining the Aerobic Degradation and Anaerobic Biodegradation of Plastic Materials under Accelerated Bioreactor Landfill ConditionsThis modification of Test Method D5526 is used to determine the degree and rate of aerobic degradation and anaerobic biodegradation of plastic materials in an accelerated bioreactor landfill test environmentData/testingStandardInternational
RecoveryCompostableBS 8472Methods for the assessment of the oxo-biodegradation of plastics and of the phyto-toxicity of the residues in controlled laboratory conditionsData/testingStandardBritish
RecoveryCompostableDIN EN 14995Evaluation of compostability - Test scheme and specificationsSpecifies requirements and procedures to determine the compostability or anaerobic treatability of plastic materials by addressing four characteristics : 1) biodegradability; 2) disintegration during biological treatment; 3) effect on the biological treatment process; 4) effect on the quality of the resulting compost.Data/testingStandardEuropean
RecoveryWaste to EnergyISO 21640:2021Solid recovered fuels — Specifications and classesSpecifies a classification system for solid recovered fuels (SRF) and a template containing a list of characteristics for the specification of their propertiesStandardInternational
RecoveryWaste to EnergyPackagingISO 18605:2013Packaging and the environment — Energy recoverySpecifies the requirements for packaging to be classified as recoverable in the form of energy recovery and sets out assessment procedures for fulfilling the requirements.Design ManufactureStandardInternationalCEN EN 13431:2004
RecoveryWaste to EnergyPackagingCEN EN 13431:2004Requirements for packaging recoverable in the form of energy recovery including specification of minimum inferior calorific valueSpecifies the requirements for a packaging to be classified as recoverable in the form of energy and sets out procedures for assessment of conformity with those requirementsDesignStandardEuropeanISO 18605:2013
DisposalLandfillEN 14899:2005Characterization of waste — Sampling of waste materials — Framework for the preparation and application of a Sampling PlanThis European Standard specifies the procedural steps to be taken in the preparation and application of a Sampling Plan.Data/testingStandardInternational
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