Northern Australia has extensive ecosystems that are largely untouched. The ecology of northern Australia has a rich biodiversity and numerous unique inland and marine ecosystems that support conservation and cultural values and tourism and commercial industries. Northern Australia is vast, as are its inland and marine ecosystems. To understand change, knowledge needs are:
Agricultural intensification of northern Australia will change land use and increase demands. Climate change has already had an impact (e.g. death of mangroves) as have invasive plants and animals (e.g. mimosa and cane toads).
Working with government and university-based partners, CSIRO is:
Capability is drawn from freshwater and marine ecologists, system ecologist, hydrologists, informatics specialists, spatial analysts, remote sensing and quantitative ecologists. The projecthas contracts with three universities to address capability gaps in northern Australia aquatic ecosystems and for specialist species, including the freshwater sawfish. We collaborate with the Northern NESP Hub, in sharing data and findings.
Using existing but disparate knowledge drawn from past investments in the ecology of Northern Australia, combined with new information drawn from remote sensing and hydrological modelling, we are using predictive modelling approaches to model potential change across broad scales. An assessment of change in inland and marine systems has not been done before.
Innovative approaches to enable integrative, repeated and transparent analyses are being delivered, to inform future analyses, or re-purpose for other assessments.