Water resources in Afghanistan are under pressure from population growth, economic development and climate change. Water planners and managers need information on biophysical, socioeconomic and environmental drivers of change. A national water information system is critical to monitor, assess, plan, develop and manage water resources.

Australia’s national science agency (CSIRO), the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) is collaborating with Afghanistan’s National Water Affairs Regulation Authority (NWARA)to develop the foundational blocks of the Afghanistan National Water Information System (ANWIS).

During 2020-22, the joint team is connecting existing databases to curate water management data in a centralised information system, using existing models and analytical tools to monitor and assess basin surface water availability, develop and manage water infrastructure in the Kabul Basin. This will form the key elements of the following ANWIS information services.

  1. Water resources monitoring and assessment (Surface water)
  2. Water resources development and management (Kabul basin)
  3. Climate change and water (Climate change surfaces)
  4. Water reporting
  5. Data service

The CSIRO-NWARA project is laying the foundation to develop additional information services which are not attempted through the ongoing project. These are.

  1. Water resources monitoring and assessment (Groundwater, water quality)
  2. Water resources development and management (all basins)
  3. Climate change and water (Climate change impact on water)
  4. Disaster risk reduction (Flood and drought early warning, Glacier lake outburst flood early warning)

Additionally, improving field data collection and water governance are not included in this ongoing project. Learn more about the project activities here.