SDIP phase 2


CSIRO’s work in SDIP Phase 2 aims to provide repeatable, quality-assured, evidence-based approaches leading to improved water resource planning and management in the Indus and Koshi basins and northwest Bangladesh.

Priority regional outcomes include:

  • increased food security and economic outcomes for populations by identifying key challenges of addressing the water-food-energy nexus
  • increased resilience of people and systems to adapt to the impacts of a changing climate such as planning for seasonal fluctuations in rainfall and temperature
  • reduced investment risk in infrastructure development and deployment such as hydropower or irrigation by identifying water use needs for energy and agriculture.

Improving the knowledge base

In the Indus and Koshi basins and northwest Bangladesh, CSIRO will continue to collaborate with partners to demonstrate how water use decisions are connected to water, energy and food security. This will be achieved through a holistic view of the water-food-energy nexus in the river basins and the development of scenarios to support trade‐offs, policy development and other management options.

Increasingly, there is recognition from both practitioners and researchers of the need for a holistic approach to scenario modelling. This is because water modelling is more than water allocation – it also has socio-economic implications. To achieve this, further research will explore how to have an interdisciplinary approach towards modelling, as well as greater participation and input from different groups of water users, including women and marginalised groups.

Building capacity

Through building significant capacity among key national water decision‐making authorities in the region, we aim to support and enable an environment of regional, national and sub‐national water based cooperation.

Governments are then equipped with the knowledge and evidence to resolve complex and challenging social and political questions associated with water management. Adoption and implementation of models and frameworks across the region will build capacity and trust in both the biophysical evidence base and the socio‐political processes for regional decision‐making.

CSIRO aims to extend capacity building with educational institutions that will be training the next generation of experts. In Nepal, CSIRO is working with local universities to support student fieldwork to develop the flow-ecology knowledgebase. In Bangladesh, university students are actively involved in the research programme. In Pakistan, CSIRO continues to work with key partner agencies to enhance their skills in water resource planning and modelling, and data management.

Creating an enabling environment

CSIRO will continue to collaborate with our partners to enhance gender equity and empowerment in water management decision-making. We will share Australian experience and practices in climate change adaptation and river basin management to support change, reform and practice through high-level strategic engagements with governments and civil societies of Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. Our hope is that key partner agencies will develop their own gender research and analysis skills which they can apply in future research on water.


More information

Visit our research pages for more information

Visit our publications page

Find out more information about international water research at CSIRO