Through its national strategic policy framework for the water sector, Afghanistan has adopted a river basin approach to managing its water resources.
The river basins of Afghanistan provide valuable ecosystem services that sustain the lives and livelihoods of about 36 million people. These basins play a key role in driving agriculture, the largest economic driver of the nation, and tapping into the significant potential for water infrastructure development. With 80% of the population directly dependent on natural resources for their livelihoods, sustainable management is critical. Population growth and climate change pressures reinforce the need to make the best use of limited water resources.
The governments of Afghanistan and Australia initiated the project, Strengthening Water Resources Management in Afghanistan (SWaRMA) to enhance Afghanistan government agencies’ technical capacity for effective water resources management, adaptation and development planning, and regional cooperation.
Afghanistan faces significant water challenges. Decades of conflict, prolonged drought, climate change, increasing population, urbanisation, periods of missing water data and deterioration of infrastructures have hindered the ability of the nation’s water sector to advance. Projected increases in population growth and climate change are likely to exacerbate water demands and scarcities.
The technical modelling required to inform basin planning, water-related decision making is complex and time-consuming in a data-limited environment like Afghanistan and these can act as barriers to investment in the water sector.
Afghanistan’s national strategic policy framework for the water sector adopted a river basin approach to improve water resource management. The project is implemented by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) in partnership with other water sector agencies in Afghanistan and Australia and aims to strengthen Afghanistan’s capacity for integrated river basin management.
The project team will support the Afghan government to develop and maintain river basin water information systems and models that are able to assist in evidence-based decision making in the water sector.
Integrated river basin management (IRBM) has been identified as a necessary framework to plan and implement water sector projects in Afghanistan. CSIRO and its Australian partners are strengthening the capacity of water resources planners and managers in Afghanistan on issues related to:
The CSIRO team aim to build the technical capacity of Afghanistan to progress toward detailed basin planning through training in water balance and scenario modelling using eWater Source.
The training sessions will include:
SWaRMA will develop a strategic pathway (roadmap) for implementation of a water information systems based on extensive review of relevant policies, plans and reports, technical consultation, informed by Australia’s journey to develop and maintain the world-class Australian Water Resource Information System (AWRIS).
The implementation of improved water management technologies and the associated capacity building is supporting a productive and water secure Afghanistan.
This SDIP work is part of a portfolio of investments supported by the Australian Government addressing the regional challenges of water, food and energy security in South Asia.
The SDIP2 aims to improve the integrated management of water, energy and food in the Himalayan river basins, addressing climate risk and the interests of women and girls. It seeks to:
More reports, fact sheets and information about SWaRMA are available on the SDIP publications page