Germany – Bavaria

Country: Germany

State/Province: Bavaria

Document type: Regional Strategy

Position Paper of the Bavarian Hydrogen Alliance
Bavarian Hydrogen Strategy

Presentation of the Bavarian Hydrogen Strategy and the position paper of the Hydrogen Alliance of Bavaria | Center Hydrogen.Bavaria ( (English text)

Positionspapier_Wasserstoffbuendnis_Bayern_052020_web.pdf ( (German text)

Bayerische Wasserstoffstratgie ( (German text)

Hydrogen in Bavaria: with a strategy for success │ Invest in Bavaria – Invest in Bavaria ( (English text)

Released: May 2020

Summary Points:

  • The Strategy was developed around several strategic pillars, including:
    • To demonstrate hydrogen technology
    • To record regulatory conditions
    • To identify critical infrastructure
    • To build strategic partnerships
    • To strengthen networking and public relations
  • Specific measures in the Strategy include:
    • Innovation and technical leadership, including through the ‘H2 Hightech Bayern’ research initiative.
    • Industrial scaling with Bavarian companies and research institutions to drive forward industrial development in hydrogen technology.
    • Expansion of hydrogen infrastructure and applications in transport and industry – €50 million is to be provided for the construction of public and commercial hydrogen filling stations for fuel cell buses and HGVs/commercial vehicles.
  • Strengthening public transport and delivery services use of fuel cells is a key focus of the Strategy.
  • The Strategy has been developed in consultation with and will be supported by Zentrum Wasserstoff Bayern (H2.B) and the Bavarian Hydrogen Alliance.
  • A Roadmap to define further actions is to be drawn up in coming years.

In April 2022, the Hydrogen Bavaria Roadmap was released by the Hydrogen Centre Bavaria. Key points included:

  • The Bavarian cumulative demand for hydrogen and synthesis products (such as synfuels) could increase from 5 terawatt hours (TWh) in 2020 to about 33 to 75 TWh in 2040.
  • Bavaria will be dependent on the import of hydrogen and its derivatives.
  • A rapid connection of Bavaria to the (inter)national hydrogen pipeline infrastructure is important.
  • The electrolysis capacity required to produce hydrogen in Bavaria is strongly dependent on the speed of connection to hydrogen pipelines.
  • At least 300 MW of electrolysis capacity is to be installed in Bavaria by 2025, and at least one GW by 2030.
  • By 2025, 500 hydrogen buses are to run in Bavaria’s public transportation system, as well as 500 hydrogen trucks.
  • A widespread establishment of hydrogen refuelling stations is targeted by 2025.
  • By 2030, hydrogen is expected to be widely used to provide process heat for the Bavarian industry.
  • The widespread use of hydrogen-based cogeneration plants for decentralized electricity and heat supply is expected by 2030.
  • The use of hydrogen in the mobility sector will increase by 2030.

In November 2022, it was reported that Bavaria would make €270 million available to support hydrogen industry development in the state, including €150 million to fund around 50 electrolysers to produce renewables-based hydrogen for domestic consumption, €100 million for hydrogen infrastructure development, and €20 million for a hydrogen filling station scheme.


Updated: November 2022