Publications associated with specific Australian R&D projects are included as part of project descriptions under the Projects page.

This page highlights key high-level, strategic assessment reports of Australian or international significance in progressing hydrogen-related R&D priorities.

Australian project case studies or reports arising from feasibility studies, pilot, demonstration or larger projects can be found at HyResource – Project Reports.


The Mission Innovation Clean Hydrogen Mission, Department of Climate Change, Energy, Environment and Water and CSIRO present a Global Report on Hydrogen RD&D Collaboration Opportunities, plus ten in-depth country analysis:


Australia’s National Hydrogen Strategy

Australia’s National Hydrogen Strategy was released in November 2019 and includes a range of nationally coordinated strategic actions, many of which require supporting R&D activities.  The strategy was informed by an extensive series of commissioned studies, research reports and analyses, many with relevance to R&D priorities and opportunities.

The State of Hydrogen 2022 report was released in April 2023 and is published as part of delivering Australia’s National Hydrogen Strategy and covers, amongst other things, the development of Australia’s hydrogen industry since the release of the national strategy, and how it compares to the rest of the world.

Also in April 2023 the Australian Government released its first National Hydrogen Infrastructure Assessment.

Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)

CSIRO, as Australia’s national science agency, has informed the national and global discussion on hydrogen industry development and R&D priorities and opportunities, including through the following reports:

Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA)

In September 2018, ARENA announced the award of AUD$22 million under its Hydrogen R&D Funding Round, shared between 16 separate research projects. The projects each focus on a particular part of the supply chain. A considerable amount of reporting on project activities is publicly available in the ARENA Knowledge Bank.

  • Summary of mid-term reports – March 2021: summarises key aspects and results to-date from the 16 ARENA-funded research projects
  • ARENA-funded Hydrogen R&D Project: Presentations – February 2021 – includes mid-term presentations from each of the 16 research teams working on ARENA’s Hydrogen R&D funded projects
  • Individual project reports – the mid-term activity report for each of the 16 research projects and final reports of completed projects can be found at the ARENA Knowledge Bank webpage (search on Hydrogen Energy under the Category filter).


International Energy Agency

The International Energy Agency (IEA) has published several reports specific to hydrogen or highly related to hydrogen, noting the importance of R&D in progressing industry development globally:

  • Technology Roadmap: Hydrogen and Fuel Cells (2015) – part of a series of roadmaps on important technologies requested by the G8 to accelerate the implementation of radical technology changes
  • The Future of Hydrogen (June 2019) – analyses the then current state of play for hydrogen and offers guidance on its future development
  • Cross-cutting: Hydrogen (August 2020) – addresses the cross-cutting role of hydrogen within the circular carbon economy framework of the G20 Presidency of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 2020
  • Net Zero by 2050: A Roadmap for the Global Energy Sector (May 2021) – the first comprehensive global study of how to transition to a net zero energy system by 2050; a summary of the hydrogen contribution can be found on HyResource
  • Global Hydrogen Review 2021 (October 2021) – a new annual publication to track progress in hydrogen production and demand, as well as in other critical areas such as policy, regulation, investments, innovation and infrastructure development.

Mission Innovation Clean Hydrogen Mission

In November 2021, the Mission Innovation Clean Hydrogen Mission released a discussion paper for consultation along with three annexes; the paper includes a review of global hydrogen RD&I highlights and priorities (to which an above noted CSIRO paper was used as input).

National Assessments

The R&D priorities for many economies are encapsulated in their national hydrogen strategies and roadmaps.

The HyResource Policy International page includes a comprehensive catalogue of over 30 national hydrogen policy documents, allowing reviews of the hydrogen R&D priorities and opportunities of individual countries; for example, in the case of Japan and the Republic of Korea, their hydrogen strategies and basic plans include a comprehensive discussion of R&D actions.

The United States Department of Energy (US DOE) released its Hydrogen Program Plan in November 2020, which provides an overview of the core technology areas, challenges, and R&D priorities that the US DOE is pursuing in hydrogen technologies development. The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, signed into law in November 2021, includes programs covering regional clean hydrogen hubs, electrolysis and clean hydrogen manufacturing and recycling research, development, and demonstration (full details of the implementation of these programs are in Subtitle B – Hydrogen Research and Development of the Act).

In Europe, the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Annual Activity Report 2020 provides, amongst other things, a detailed overview of its research and development activities.

In Germany, the Annual Report 2020 NOW GmbH reviews program activities in the areas of hydrogen, fuel cells, batteries, liquefied natural gas and power-based fuels, both in regard to drive systems and fuels, and also in terms of infrastructure.  The Fraunhofer Institute published a Hydrogen Roadmap for Germany in October 2019, including areas of R&D emphasis.


December 2021