Agro-pastoral and pastoral systems are major land-use systems on earth, covering 30% of the global area and 45% of the ice-free earth’s surface. Pastures and rangelands play a crucial role in global food systems, as livestock contributes to 40% of global agricultural gross domestic product.
As the global population is predicted to reach around 9 billion by 2050, there will be increases in food consumption, and land and environmental pressures are expected to grow.
The livestock sector is both a net greenhouse gas emitter and vulnerable to climate change. At the same time, it is an essential food source for millions of people worldwide. Here we estimate greenhouse gas emissions from global livestock (see figure). We also identify mitigation options that sustainably intensify livestock production, promote carbon sequestration in […]
Sustainable grazing systems intensification consists of increasing grazing livestock production without increasing land area or creating unmanageable social, economic and environmental trade-offs. This is key to enable sustainable livestock production to feed a growing human population, while decreasing the impact on the environment. However, grazing systems around the world are diverse and complex, each with […]
GEOGLAM Rangelands and Pasture Productivity (RAPP) is a Group on Earth Observations (GEO) initiative that aims to provide the international community with the means to regularly monitor the status and productivity of world’s pastures and rangelands. On a routine basis, they assess their capacity to sustainably produce animal protein in real-time, at global, regional and […]
We estimate the mitigation benefits of intensifying production in pasture-based Brazilian beef production systems. The amount of greenhouse gases emitted per kilogram of meat can be reduced by increasing the quality of the diet. Increasing diet quality can also lead to increased productivity per animal and production per hectare of land. When these effects are […]
The livestock sector is important as a user of natural resources, as a source of livelihoods, and as an engine of economic growth. Insufficient attention has been paid to the generation of livestock data at the level of detail required for elucidating their future role in attaining key global sustainability goals. Some of these goals […]