Global changes such as climate change and increasing land and water scarcity pose significant challenges to agriculture. Agriculture is one of the core interfaces between human society and the environment.
The agricultural sector is vulnerable to climate change. However, it has the ability to contribute to, or mitigate climate change, through management of greenhouse gas emissions and sequestration.
Our research finds solutions for agriculture. We work with an extensive network of partners and donors from all over the world. Members of the team regularly participate in international committees and our research has contributed to multiple international assessments.
The EAT-Lancet Commission on Food, Planet, Health brings together 37 international experts on nutrition, health, sustainability and policy to reach a scientific consensus that defines a healthy and sustainable diet. Unhealthy food is the leading cause of disease worldwide, and undernutrition is a problem that persists across the globe. At the same time, food production is causing […]
The Sustainable Development Goals are a set of 17 “Global Goals” to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda. These Global Goals call for a comprehensive new approach to development rooted in the planetary boundaries, equity, and inclusivity. Spearheaded by the United Nations through a deliberative process involving its 193 Member States, the […]
The Ceres2030: Sustainable solutions to end hunger initiative aims to determine the costs and effective solutions for tackling the objectives laid out in the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2: how to end hunger sustainably by the year 2030. Ceres2030 is a partnership between Cornell University, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), and the International […]
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change. The IPCC produces comprehensive Assessment Reports on climate change, its implications and potential future risks, as well as adaptation and mitigation options. It also provides Special Reports on various topics related to climate change. To […]
More food needs to be produced in the next 50 years to nourish the global population, than has been produced in the past 400 years. But it needs to be produced on less land, with limited fertiliser resources, and subject to the volatile effects of climate change. Phosphorus is a finite resource and an essential […]
The Sustainable Development Goal 2 aims to achieve Zero Hunger globally by 2030, with the Sustainable Development Goal #2.3 setting an ambitious target for improving the lives of small-scale food producers around the world. SDG #2.3: “By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists […]
The scale of the food production challenge is clear: a 70% increase in food availability by the 2050s will be critical to keep up with the demand for food from an increasingly numerous and affluent population. This alone will not guarantee human well-being. In addition, food systems must also provide foods of high nutritional quality […]
Feeding and nourishing a growing global population is a major challenge in a changing world, which will increasingly face the impacts of climate change. The Food and nutrition security futures under climate change project aims to support national and regional decision makers. We do this through the provision of information that enables the development of scenario-guided […]
Agriculture faces the enormous challenge of feeding a growing population with limited land resources. The DEVIL Project: Delivering Food Security on Limited Land identifies solutions to this challenge and demonstrates their viability. This project uses an integrated modelling approach that unites food system and land use models with spatial datasets. The project will examine a range of […]
Agriculture contributes approximately 13.5% of total greenhouse gas emissions. The livestock sector is responsible for over one third of the emissions from agriculture. Thus, livestock has a key role to play in greenhouse gas mitigation. We collaborate with multiple international organisations to identify opportunities for agriculture, in particular livestock, to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. We […]
The Agricultural Synergies Project is a collaborative effort of research institutions across the world to develop detailed guidance of ways developing countries can boost food production while reducing agricultural greenhouse gas emissions. This guidance will help countries to develop Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Plans and international aid agencies to evaluate them. It will also help farmer […]
We assess the land resource-food price nexus of the Goals. As presented in Obersteiner et al. (2016), we use a comprehensive modelling approach to understand how coherent policy combinations can manage trade-offs among environmental conservation initiatives and food prices. Our results show the likely effects for low-pressure and high-pressure strategies (see figure). In the left […]
As we highlight in Waha et al. 2018, we think that diversification has an essential role in ensuring food security. This means that farms that grow a greater diversity of crops can provide greater food security than those that grow fewer crops, for example. However, the discourse about food security focuses mostly on sustainable intensification. […]
The Shared Socioeconomic Pathways are a set of five scenarios of global development that describe potential future societal and climatic conditions. The scenarios (see figure) vary in their socio-economic challenges for mitigation and adaption as explained by O’Neill et al. (2017): Sustainability: This scenario represents strong progress towards reducing fossil-fuel dependency with rapid technological changes […]
We examine the possible effects of future population and economic growth, and their impacts on the environment and human populations using global integrated assessment models. There are lots of models with different strengths and weaknesses, but together they are complementary, and can be used to project different future development pathways. We collaborate with several of […]
The livestock sector is central to many socioeconomic and environmental global challenges. Insufficient attention has been paid to the generation of livestock data at the level of detail required for elucidating their future role in attaining key global sustainability goals. Some of these goals are poverty reduction, food and nutritional security, and adaptation to climate change. […]
Global changes, such as climate change and resource scarcity, pose considerable risks to agriculture. Decision-makers need tools to be able to identify and prioritise the best ways to adapt to these changes. Simulation models are key decision-making tools; they improve understanding of feedbacks and processes in agricultural systems. However, different models have different underlying assumptions […]
Multiple cropping and mixed crop-livestock systems are important for food production, livelihoods and food security. However, their spatial patterns are unknown at a global scale. Hence, they are not considered in integrated assessments of food production and land use. We map the extent and type of agricultural systems worldwide. We employ a mixed scales approach […]