Economics research in CSIRO Environment supports the sustainable management of terrestrial and marine environments through integrated solutions co-designed with governments, industries and communities. Our economists are embedded in multi-disciplinary teams to deliver impact in regional and urban contexts and address the great challenges the nation faces. Economics is integrated throughout research, development, and implementation processes, to support a positive impact for the Australian community. By helping us understand people’s values, trade-offs, and the roles of incentives, norms, and institutions, economics research helps ensure innovations protect our quality of life, our economic health, and our environmental sustainability.